The creature is described as a type of ‘chimi‘ (Mountain Spirit/God), with Toriyama stating it is the manifestation of uncanny malevolence.
The text known as the Wamyō Ruijūshō (Japanese Names for Things Annotated) says that this creature originates from the 4th Century BC Chinese book entitled Classic of Mountains and Seas calling it a type of mountain Oni. ((Yoda, H. and Alt, M. (2016) “Japandemonium: Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopaedia of Toriyama Sekien.”. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.))
- View the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki online here: Konjaku Online.
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