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Ariwara no Yukihira

Ariwara no Yukihira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Waka Poet, Third Rank of the office of chūnagon Family: Emperor Heizei (grandfather) Emperor Kanmu (grandfather) Prince Abo (father) Ariwara no Narihira (brother) Birth: 818 Death: 893 Ariwara no Yukihira Ariwara no Yukihira (在原 行平) was a member of the Ariwara Family and a known poet[...]

Minamoto no Tōru

Minamoto no Tōru

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Waka Poet, Sadaijin Family: Emperor Saga (father) Emperor Ninmyō (brother) Minamoto no Makoto (brother) Minamoto no Tokiwa (brother) Birth: 822AD Death: 895AD Minamoto no Tōru Minamoto no Tōru (源 融) was a member of the Imperial Family living from 822-895AD1. The son of Emperor Saga he[...]

Ōkaburo

Ōkaburo

Ōkaburo Ōkaburo (大禿 – Great Kaburo) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien.  Annotations alongside the Yōkai says that there was an immortal called Hōso who was some 700 years old and who called himself Yū-Jidō (Chrysanthemum Boy). Is this then what[...]

Nakatomi no Omimaro

Nakatomi no Omimaro

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: Head of the National Shrines of Ise. Family: Nakatomi no Kamatari Birth: – Death: 711AD Nakatomi no Omimaro Nakatomi no Omimaro (中臣 意美麻呂) was a member of the Nakatomi Clan and nephew to Nakatomi no Kamatari. He died in 711AD. When his uncle founded the Fujiwara Clan,[...]

Fujiwara no Takamitsu

Fujiwara no Takamitsu

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Writer, Monk Family: Fujiwara no Morosuke (father) Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (brother) Fujiwara no Koretada (brother) Fujiwara no Kanemichi (brother) Fujiwara no Kaneie (brother) Fujiwara no Kinsue (brother) Birth: – Death: 944AD Fujiwara no Takamitsu Fujiwara no Takamitsu (藤原 高光) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more[...]

Fujiwara no Takaie

Fujiwara no Takaie

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Governor Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (sister) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Norimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Yorimichi (brother) Birth: 974AD Death: 1044AD Fujiwara no Takaie Fujiwara no Takaie (藤原 隆家) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more[...]

Priest Genbō

Priest Genbō

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Buddhist Monk, sōjō Family: – Birth: – Death: 746AD Priest Genbō Priest Genbō (玄昉) was a Buddhist Priest and court official known to have died on 746AD. In 717 he was sent to China alongside Abe no Nakamaro and Kibi no Makibi where he studied the[...]

Kibi no Makibi

Kibi no Makibi

Period: Asuka Period, Nara Period Occupation: Scholar, udajin Family: – Birth: 695AD Death:775AD Kibi no Makibi Kibi no Makibi (吉備 朝臣 真備) was a scholar, born into a powerful family in the Kibi Region, who lived from 695-775AD. In his lifetime he was well versed in confucian classics, as well[...]

Abe no Nakamaro

Abe no Nakamaro

Period: Asuka Period, Nara Period Occupation: Poet Family: – Birth: 698AD1 701AD3 Death:770AD Abe no Nakamaro Abe no Nakamaro (阿倍 仲麻呂) was a member of the Abe Clan living from 698-770AD.1 He is known to have been born in Abe, Nara Prefecture.2 During his lifetime he was both a poet[...]

Abe no Hirafu

Abe no Hirafu

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: General, Governor Family: – Birth: c.575AD Death: 664AD Abe no Hirafu Abe no Hirafu (阿倍 比羅夫) was a member of the Abe Clan who lived during the mid 7th century.1 Louis Frederick gives the period of his life from c.575-664.2 For a part of his life he was[...]

Abe no Munetō

Abe no Munetō

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Abe no Yoritoki (father) Abe no Sadatō (brother) Birth: – Death: – Abe no Munetō Abe no Munetō (安倍 宗任) was a member of the Abe Clan who lived sometime in the mid 11th century. He was the son of Abe no Yoritoki and[...]

Abe no Sadatō

Abe no Sadatō

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Abe no Yoritoki (father) Abe no Munetō (brother) Birth: 1019AD Death: 1062AD Abe no Sadatō Abe no Sadatō (安倍 貞任) was a member of the Abe Clan living from 1019-1062AD. Like his father Abe no Yoritoki, he was from Mutsu Province. He fought alongside[...]

Man’yōshū

Man’yōshū

Man’yōshū The Man’yōshū (万葉集) is an important literary collection of Japanese poetry. Surviving Examples The oldest surviving example of this document is known as the katsura-bon (桂本) which dates to the mid-Heian period.1 Compilation It is generally unknown how the entire piece was compiled, though the Japanese at this time[...]

Tōkan Kikō

Tōkan Kikō

Tōkan Kikō The Tōkan Kikō (東関紀行) is a piece of Japanese literature. It dates to around 1242 and in it we find mention of Priest Manzei. The book looks at one of his poems and uses the art of honkadori on it stating that Manzei wrote his poem whilst standing[...]

Priest Manzei

Priest Manzei

See also: Priest Manzei Poems Period: Nara Period Occupation: Governor of Mino, General of Owari, Mikawa and Shinano, Udaiben, Buddhist Monk (sami), bettō, Poet Family: – Birth: – Death:- Priest Manzei Priest Manzei (満誓 沙弥 – He Who Fulfills the Vow/Compleat Votary) was the religous name of Kasa Maro (笠[朝臣][...]

Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: sesshō, kampaku Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (sister) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Norimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Morozane (son) 2 daughters Birth: 992AD Death: 1074AD Fujiwara no Yorimichi Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原 頼通) was a member of the Fujiwara[...]

Emperor Kōan

Emperor Kōan

Reign: 392-291 Born: 427/428BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Kōshō (father) Yosotarashi Hime (mother) Oshihime (wife) Ōkibi no Morosumi (son) Emperor Kōrei (son) Ameoshitarashihiko (brother) Burial place: misasagi at Tamade Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Kōshō  * Successor Emperor Kōrei Emperor Kōan Emperor Kōan (孝安 天皇) was the 6th Emperor of[...]

Emperor Kōshō

Emperor Kōshō

Reign: 475-393BC Born: 507/508BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Itoku (father) Amatoyotsuhime (mother) Yosotarashi hime (wife) Emperor Kōan (son) Ameoshitarashihiko (son) Takeshihiko (brother) Burial place: misasagi on Hakatayama in Waki no Kami Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Itoku  * Successor Emperor Kōan Emperor Kōshō Emperor Kōshō (孝昭 天皇) was the fifth[...]

Fujiwara no Michinaga

Fujiwara no Michinaga

Period: Heian Period Occupation: udajin, nairan, dajō daijin, sesshō Family: Fujiwara no Kaneie (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Kenshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Ishi (daughter) Fujiwara no Norimichi (son) Fujiwara no Yorimichi (son) Fujiwara no Takaie (son) Fujiwara no Michitaka (brother) Fujiwara no Michikane (brother) Fujiwara no Michitsuna (brother)[...]

Tango Province

Tango Province

See also: Provinces Tango Province Tango Province (丹後国) was one of the many provinces in Japan. It is now included with Kyoto Prefecture. The Tango Fudoki, a provincial record, was written concerning this province.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press. Check[...]

Takeshihiko

Takeshihiko

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Itoku (father) Amatoyotsuhime (mother) Emperor Kōshō (brother) Birth: – Death: – Takeshihiko Takeshihiko (武石彦奇友背命) was a son of Emperor Itoku and Amatoyotsuhime.1 He is listed as the ancestor of the Lords of Chinu, Lords of Take in Tajima and the District Heads of Ashii.2[...]

Emperor Itoku

Emperor Itoku

Reign: 510-477BC Born: 554/553BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Amatoyotsuhime (wife) Emperor Kōshō (son) Takeshihiko (son) Burial place: misasagi on Mount Unebi Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Annei  * Successor Emperor Kōshō Emperor Itoku Emperor Itoku (懿徳 天皇) was the fourth Emperor of Japan also known as[...]

Fujiwara no Yasuhira

Fujiwara no Yasuhira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Hidehira (father) Birth: – Death: 1189AD Fujiwara no Yasuhira Fujiwara no Yasuhira (藤原 泰衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. His head was found under the main alter of Konjiki-dō at Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi. The body was found alongside his father Hidehira, grand-father[...]

Fujiwara no Kiyohira

Fujiwara no Kiyohira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Motohira (son) Birth: 1056AD Death: 1128AD Fujiwara no Kiyohira Fujiwara no Kiyohira (藤原 清衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 1056-1128AD. His body was found under the main alter of Konjiki-dō at Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi. The body was found alongside his[...]

Fujiwara no Motohira

Fujiwara no Motohira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Hidehira (son)  Fujiwara no Kiyohira (father) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Motohira Fujiwara no Motohira (藤原 基衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. His body was found under the main alter of Konjiki-dō at Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi. The body was found[...]

Wachitsumi

Wachitsumi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: – Family: Shikitsuhiko (father) Unknown Name (brother) Haheirode (daughter) Ohoyamatokuniare (daughter) Birth: – Death: – Wachitsumi Wachitsumi is a man mentioned in the Kojiki as a son of the Prince Shikitsuhiko (brother to Emperor Annei). He is said to have had two daughters, these being Haheirode and[...]

Emperor Annei

Emperor Annei

Reign: 548-511BC Born: 568/567BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Suizei (father) Isuzuyorihime (mother) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (wife) Tokotsuhikoirone (son) Emperor Itoku (son) Shikitsuhiko (son) Ikishimimi? (son) Burial place: misasagi on Mount Unebi Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Suizei  * Successor Emperor Itoku Emperor Annei Emperor Annei (安寧 天皇) was the third[...]

Misasagi

Misasagi

Misasagi Misasagi (陵) is a term for tombs (usually kofun tombs) of the Emperors and Imperial Family up until 701AD.1 The name of misasagi for Emperors are shown below. Legendary Period [2] Emperor Suizei – Tsukidaoka – 桃花鳥田丘上陵. The location of this tomb is unknown, but it is said to[...]

Kamiyawimimi

Kamiyawimimi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Jimmu (father) Emperor Suizei (brother) Tagishimimi (half-brother) Birth: – Death: – Kamiyawimimi Kamiyawimimi (神八井耳命) was a son of Emperor Jimmu, brother to Emperor Suizei and half-brother to Tagishimimi. After learning of the plot to have him and his brother killed by his brother[...]

Fujiwara no Korechika

Fujiwara no Korechika

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Michitaka (father) Fujiwara no Teishi (sister) Birth: 973/974AD Death: 1010AD Fujiwara no Korechika Fujiwara no Korechika (藤原 伊周) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He lived from 9731/9742 to 1010AD and was son to Fujiwara no[...]

Fujiwara no Uchimaro

Fujiwara no Uchimaro

Period: Nara Period / Heian Period Occupation: Minister Family: Fujiwara no Matate (father) Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu (son) Birth: 756AD Death: 812AD Fujiwara no Uchimaro Fujiwara no Uchimaro (藤原 内麻呂) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. Living from 756-812AD he held the position of[...]

Hidari Jingorō

Hidari Jingorō

Period: Azuchi-Momoyama Period, Edo Period Occupation: Sculptor Family: Birth: c.1548 Death: c.1634 Hidari Jingorō Hidari Jingorō (左 甚五郎) is said to have lived from c.1584-1634,1 and whose real name was Itami Toshikatsu.12 Born in Akashi (now Hyogo Prefecture) he was discipled to a master carpenter of the Imperial Court.2 Said[...]

Gensuke

Gensuke

Gensuke Gensuke was a victim to the practise of Hitobashira in 1608. This event occured at the Matsue Ohashi Bridge. Attempts were being made to construct a bridge over the Ohashi river here, however, the pillars kept being washed away. A sacrifice was chosen (this being the next soul to[...]

Human Sacrifice

Human Sacrifice

Human Sacrifice Human Sacrifice was a practise that was said to have been carried out in ancient Japan. Though it is dubious whether this actually occoured or not. Hitobashira Hitobashira (人柱 – Human Pillar) was the practise of emtombing a person at the base of a structure/pillar with the belief[...]

Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga

Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga

Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga The Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga (鳥獣人物戯画 – Scrolls of Frolicking Animals) Chōjū-giga (鳥獣戯画) are a group of 4 emakimono scrolls with varying animal and human depictions, many of the animals having human characteristics. They are also notable as they contain no text.12 The scrolls measure 31cm high and are around 1 metre[...]

Provincial Titles

Provincial Titles

Provincial Titles See also: Court Titles, Imperial Titles, Be, Uji, Sesshō and Kampaku This pages serves to list the various Provincial Titles used in the past and up to this day. No doubt this page will continue to be updated as we continue our research. This page may also merge[...]

Shinsen Shōjiroku

Shinsen Shōjiroku

Shinsen Shōjiroku The Shinsen Shōjiroku (新撰姓氏録) (Revised Geneologies) is a piece of Japanese literature listing the geneologies of many noble families from the Heian Period. Originally created as a collection in 30 chapters1 now only fragments of the original 30 survive.2 Begun in 799AD at the order of Emperor Kammu[...]

Fujiwara no Kintō

Fujiwara no Kintō

  Period: Heian Period Occupation: Poet, Caligrapher, Statesman. Family: Fujiwara no Yoritada (father) Fujiwara no Sadayori (son) Birth: 966AD Death: 1041AD Fujiwara no Kintō Fujiwara no Kintō (藤原 公任) was a renowned member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 966-1041AD.12 He was the son of Fujiwara no Yoritada12 and had[...]

Fujiwara no Kusuko

Fujiwara no Kusuko

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Concubine Family: Fujiwara no Tanetsugu (father) Fujiwara no Nakanari (brother) Birth: – Death: 810AD Fujiwara no Kusuko Fujiwara no Kusuko (藤原 薬子) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Shikike Branch of this clan, known to have died in 810AD. She was daughter[...]

Harima Fudoki

Harima Fudoki

Harima Fudoki The Harima Fudoki (播磨国風土記) is one of the four fudoki that have been found concerning the Province of Harima.1 This document details aspects of Nomi no Sukune‘s life that are not included in other places. The document tells us how he died in Harima Province whilst travellng between[...]

Sugawara no Takasue no Musume

Sugawara no Takasue no Musume

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Author Family: Sugawara no Takasue Birth: 1008 Death: after 1059 Sugawara no Takasue no Musume Sugawara no Takasue no Musume (菅原孝標女) was a member of the Sugawara Clan and daughter of Sugawara no Takasue, born in 100812 she died some time after 1067.2 Though we know[...]

Sugawara no Kiyogimi

Sugawara no Kiyogimi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Statesman. Minister. Family: Sugawara no Koreyoshi (son) Birth: 770 Death: 842 Sugawara no Kiyogimi Sugawara no Kiyogimi, also known as Sugawara no Kiyotomo (菅原 清公) was a member of the Sugawara Clan living from 770-842. He was the father of Sugawara no Koreyoshi and during his life[...]

Sugawara no Koreyoshi

Sugawara no Koreyoshi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Scholar, Tutor. Family: Sugawara no Kiyogimi (father) Sugawara no Michizane (son) Birth: 812 Death: 880 Sugawara no Koreyoshi Sugawara no Koreyoshi (菅原 是善) was a member of the Sugawara clan living from 812 to 880. He was the son of Sugawara no Kiyogimi and had a[...]

Sugawara no Michizane

Sugawara no Michizane

See also: Sugawara no Michizane Poems Period: Heian Period Occupation: Udaijin, Governor, Poet Family: Haji no Mimichi (ancestor) Sugawara no Koreyoshi (father) Birth: 845 Death: 903 Sugawara no Michizane Sugawara no Michizane (菅原 道真/菅原 道眞) was a member of the Sugawara Clan living during the Heian Period who was famous[...]

Haji no Sukune Furuhito

Haji no Sukune Furuhito

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Lieutenant Governor of Tōtōmi Family: Haji Clan (ancestors) Sugawara Clan (decendants) Birth: Death: Haji no Sukune Furuhito Haji no Sukune Furuhito (土師 宿禰古人) later Sugawara no Furuhito (菅原古人) was a member of the Haji Clan until he requested their name be changed to Sugawara. During his[...]

Haji no Umate

Haji no Umate

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: Retainer in the Office of Crown Lands Family: Haji Clan Birth: Death: 711AD Haji no Umate Haji no Umate (馬手) was a member of the Haji Clan known to have fought in the Jinshin War during his lifetime. When the future Emperor Tenmu left to become[...]

Haji no Ushikatsu

Haji no Ushikatsu

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Lieutenant Governor of Kazusa Province Family: Haji Clan Birth: Death: Haji no Ushikatsu Haji no Ushikatsu (土師 牛勝) was a member of the Haji Clan who we see mentioned as Lieutenant Governor of Kazusa Province in 738AD. In 745 we see him in the capital with[...]

Haji Clan

Haji Clan

First Ruler: Nomi no Sukune (dubious) Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – Cadet Branches: Sugawara Clan, Akishino Clan, Ōe Clan, Niehaji. For a full list of Clans: See Japanese Clans. Haji Clan The Haji Clan (土師氏) was a Japanese clan which claimed descent from the Shinto spirit Amenohohi in the 12[...]

Nomi no Sukune

Nomi no Sukune

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Sumo Wrestler, Master Potter Family: Haji Clan (descendants) Haji no Mino (great-grandson) Amenohohi (ancestor) Others see below. Birth: Death: Nomi no Sukune Nomi no Sukune (野見 宿禰) was said to have been a descendant of the god Amenohohi in the 14th generation and great-grandfather to Haji[...]

Haji no Mimichi

Haji no Mimichi

See also: Haji no Mimichi Poems Period: Nara Period Occupation: Poet Family: Sugawara no Michizane (descendant) Birth: Death: Haji no Mimichi Haji no Mimichi (土師 水通 / 土師 御通) was a member of the Haji Clan living during the Nara Period. In the Haji Clan he is seen as the[...]

Kobayashi Issa

Kobayashi Issa

See also: Kobayashi Issa Poems Period: Edo Period Occupation: Haiku Poet Family: Kiku (wife) 8 children Birth: 1763 Death: 1827 Kobayashi Issa Kobayashi Issa (小林 一茶) was a renowned haiku poet living from 1763 to 1827.1234 He went by other names in his life such as Kobayashi Yatarō and Kobayashi[...]

Mizokuhi

Mizokuhi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Kotoshironushi (husband) Himetatara Isuzuhime (daughter) Mizokuhi Mizokuhi also known as Tamakushihime (玉櫛媛) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Nihongi as the wife of Kotoshironushi and mother of Himetatara Isuzuhime. It is said she is from Mishima Island.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1:[...]

Sukunabikona

Sukunabikona

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Takamimusuhi (father) Sukunabikona Sukunabikona (少彦名神) is a Shinto Spirit seen in two differing narratives inside of the Nihongi. In the first version he works with Ōkuninushi to make the ‘sub-celestial world,’ during this time they determine how to heal the diseases of men, and prtoects against[...]

Ōmiwa

Ōmiwa

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Himetatara Isuzuhime (daughter) Kimi of Kamo (descendants) Kimi of Ōmiwa (descendants) Ōmiwa Ōmiwa is a Shinto kami seen mentioned in the Nihongi. He is said to be the ancestor of the Kimi of Kamo and Kimi of Ōmiwa. His daughter was Himetatara Isuzuhime. He is[...]

Ōkuninushi

Ōkuninushi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Amenofuyukinu (father) Sashikuniwakahime (mother) Susano-o (ancestor) Ōkuninushi Ōkuninushi (大国主神 – Great Land Master1) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki as the son of Amenofuyukinu and Sashikuniwakahime, due to this he is a decendant of Susano-o.1 The Nihongi list several alternative narratives for Ōkuninushi. In[...]

Kushinadahime

Kushinadahime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: ? Family: Ashinadzuchi (father) Tenadzuchi (mother) Susano-o (husband) Ōkuninushi (son?) Yashimajinumi (son) Suga-no-yu-yama-nushi Mitsu-na-saro-hiko-yamaa-shino (son) Kushinadahime Kushinadahime (櫛名田比売 / 奇稲田姫 – Lady Wondrous Rice Paddies2) is a Shinto Spirit seen within the Kojiki and Nihongi narrative with connections to Susano-o and the Dragon Yamata no Orochi.12[...]

Ashinadzuchi

Ashinadzuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Tenadzuchi (wife) Kushinadahime (daughter) Ōyamatsumi (father) Ashinadzuchi Ashinadzuchi ( 足名椎 / 脚摩乳命) is a Shinto kami seen in the texts of the Kojiki and Nihongi in relation to their dealings with Yamata no Orochi. He is the husband of Tenadzuchi and father to Kushinadahime in both the Nihongi[...]

Tsumatsuhime

Tsumatsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Isotakeru (brother) Oyatsuhime (sister) Tsumatsuhime Tsumatsuhime is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The tale states Susano-o was jealous of the land of Han and its riches, and so from his body he pucked many[...]

Oyatsuhime

Oyatsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Isotakeru (brother) Tsumatsuhime (sister) Oyatsuhime Oyatsuhime (大屋都比賣神 / 大屋津姫命) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The tale states Susano-o was jealous of the land of Han and its riches, and so from his body[...]

Isotakeru

Isotakeru

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Oyatsuhime (sister) Tsumatsuhime (sister) Isotakeru Isotakeru (五十猛神) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The first mentions that after his father was banished from Heaven he went to dwell in Silla with Isotakeru. Before leaving[...]

Kamu Ōichihime

Kamu Ōichihime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: ? Family: Susano-o (husband) Ōyamatsumi (father) Ashinadzuchi (brother?) Kushinadahime (niece?) Kamu Ōichihime Kamu Ōichihime (神大市比売 – Lady Sacred Great Market) is mentioned in the text of the Kojiki as the second wife of Susano-o. Potentially by tracing the family tree, she would be the aunt of Kushinadahime,[...]

Yamata no Orochi

Yamata no Orochi

Yamata no Orochi Yamata no Orochi (ヤマタノオロチ, also 八岐大蛇 , 八俣遠呂智 or 八俣遠呂知, 大蛇) was a giant serpentine Dragon mentioned in the Shinto Mythologies in association with Susano-o. The Dragon and Susano-o can be found in old texts such as the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 The appaearance of the Dragon in[...]

Fujiwara no Hirotsugu

Fujiwara no Hirotsugu

Period: Nara Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Umakai (father) Fujiwara no Momokawa (brother) Fujiwara no Yoshitsugu (brother) Fujiwara no Kiyonari (brother) Birth: 715 Death: 740AD Fujiwara no Hirotsugu Fujiwara no Hirotsugu (藤原 広嗣) was a member of the Fujwiara Clan, and leader of the Shikike Branch, living from 715-740. He[...]

Yamatsuchi

Yamatsuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: – Yamatsuchi Yamatsuchi is a Shinto deity seen in an alternative writing of the Nihongi. In this version they are tasked with gathering Sakaki Tree’s as part of the offerings to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Sacred Rock Cave.1 Footnotes 1. Aston.[...]

Hinomahe

Hinomahe

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Ishikoridome (creator) Hinomahe Hinomahe is a Shinto deity mentioned in an alternative writing of the Nihongi. It states that Ishikoridome formed a Sun Spear made out of copper from Mount Kagu to help get Amaterasu out of the cave as well as Heavenly Bellows[...]

Amenoakarudama

Amenoakarudama

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Izanagi (father) Amenoakarudama Amenoakarudama is a Shinto deity mentioned in an alternative writing of the Nihongi where he said to be the child of Izanagi and is instructed with making jewels to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Sacred Rock Cave.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G.[...]

Hiwashi

Hiwashi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: – Hiwashi Hiwashi (天日鷲神) is a Shinto deity mentioned in the Nihongi. They are seen in an alternative writing of the Nihongi during the time when Amaterasu is hiding in the Sacred Rock Cave. He is instructed to gather tree fibres as one of[...]

Amenonukado

Amenonukado

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Ishikoridome (daughter) Amenonukado Amenonukado (天抜戸命) is the father of Ishokoridome. He is mentioned in the Nihongi as such, but also in one alternative writing of the Nihongi it states that he was the deity who fashioned the mirror that coaxed Amaterasu out of the Rock[...]

Fujiwara no Gōshin

Fujiwara no Gōshin

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: Painter Family: Birth: ? Death: ? Fujiwara no Gōshin Fujiwara no Gōshin (藤原 豪信?) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living around the late 15th Century. He was born to a courtesan and a monk and became a painter of the Yamato-e style. One of[...]

Fujiwara no Hidehira

Fujiwara no Hidehira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Lord of Mutsu Province Family: Fujiwara no Yasuhira (son) Fujiwara no Motohira (father) Fujiwara no Kiyohira (grandfather) Birth: 1096AD Death: 1187AD Fujiwara no Hidehira Fujiwara no Hidehira (藤原 秀衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Ōshū-Fujiwara, living from 1096-1187AD. He was the[...]

Fujiwara no Akihira

Fujiwara no Akihira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Monjō Hakase, Poet Family: Fujiwara no Atsumoto (son) Fujiwara no Atsumitsu (son) Birth: 989AD Death: 1066AD Fujiwara no Akihira Fujiwara no Akihira (藤原 明衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 989-1066.12 He was the father of two sons Atsumoto and Atsumitsu and during[...]

Hotta Masanobu

Hotta Masanobu

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Hatamoto Family: – Birth: – Death: – Hotta Masanobu Hotta Masanobu (堀田 正信) was a hatamoto1 of Shimōsa Province.2 Within the province he ruled over the village of Kozu and heavily taxed all the residents of the Province for their rice causing almost all to be[...]

Sakura Sōgorō

Sakura Sōgorō

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Peasant Family: Wife and 4 children. Birth: Death: September 24th 1653 Sakura Sōgorō Sakura Sōgorō (佐倉 惣五郎) also known as Kiuchi Sōgorō (木内 惣五郎) was a peasant living in the village of Kozu, now close to modern day Narita.1 At the time this was in the[...]

Ryokō yōjinshū

Ryokō yōjinshū

Ryokō yōjinshū The Ryokō yōjinshū (旅行用心集) was a travel guide published in 1810, written by Yasumi Roan. Chapter themes are included below with choice examples from each one: Introduction from the author. Sixty One tips on travel. You should not reach out your hands for fruit grown in gardens at[...]

Izumo no Omi Hiroshima

Izumo no Omi Hiroshima

Period: Nara Period Occupation: – Family: – Birth: – Death: – Izumo no Omi Hiroshima Izumo no Omi Hiroshima (出雲臣廣嶋) was one of the two compilers of the Izumo Fudoki. He was kuni no miyatsuko of Izumo Province, and district leader (dairyō) of the Ou District.1 Footnotes 1. Carlqvist, A.[...]

Miyake no Omi Kanatari

Miyake no Omi Kanatari

Period: Nara Period Occupation: – Family: – Birth: – Death: – Miyake no Omi Kanatari Miyake no Omi Kanatari (神宅臣金太理) was one of the two compilers of the Izumo Fudoki. It is likely he was well versed in Chinese classical literature from the style of Fudoki. He was a local[...]

Takeda Clan

Takeda Clan

First Ruler: – Final Ruler: Takeda Katusyori Dissolution: Suicide of Katsuyori in 1582. Cadet Branches: Aki, Kai, Wakasa For a full list of Japanese Clans see: Clans. Takeda Clan The Takeda Clan (武田氏) was a prominent clan and military house during the Kamakura, Muromachi and Azuchi-Momoyama Periods, taking their name[...]

Takeda Katsuyori

Takeda Katsuyori

Period: Muromachi Period / Azuchi-Momoyama Occupation: daimyo Family: Takeda Shingen (father) Birth: 1546AD Death: 1582AD Takeda Katsuyori Takeda Katsuyori (武田 勝頼), also known as Takeda Shirō, was a daimyo and member of the Kai branch of the Takeda Clan.12 As daimyo he ruled over the Kai, Shinano, Suruga and Kōzuke Provinces,[...]

Takeda Shingen

Takeda Shingen

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: shugo / daimyo Family: Takeda Nobutora (father) Takeda Katsuyori (son) Birth: 1521AD Death: 1573AD Takeda Shingen Takeda Shingen (武田 信玄) was a daimyo of Kai Province living from 1521-73. Also going by the name of Takeda Harunobu, he was from long line of shugo of this[...]

Takeda Nobutora

Takeda Nobutora

Period: Muromachi Period/Azuchi-Momoyama Period Occupation: shugo Family: Takeda Shingen (son) Birth: 1498AD Death: 1574AD Takeda Nobutora Takeda Nobutora (武田 信虎) was from the Kai branch of the Takeda Family living from 1498-1574.1 His son Takeda Shingen displaced him in 1541.12 He was from long line of shugo of Kai Province[...]

Takeda Nobumitsu

Takeda Nobumitsu

Period: Kamakura Period Occupation: Shugo Family Takeda Nobuyoshi (father) Birth: – Death: 1248AD Takeda Nobumitsu Takeda Nobumitsu (武田信光) was a member of the Takeda Clan and son of Takeda Nobuyoshi. He is known to have died in 1248AD. In 1221, for the Kamakura Shogunate, he aided them during the Jōkyū[...]

Oiran Buchi

Oiran Buchi

Co-ordinates: 35° 48′ 25.9″ N, 138° 51′ 20.6″ E Region: Chūbu Region Prefecture: Yamanashi Prefecture Oiran Buchi Oiran Buchi (花魁淵/おいらん淵 – The Courtesan’s Abyss) is a gorge/waterfall located in Yamanashi Prefecture. The area is known from an event from around the 1570’s (Sengoku Period) involving the Takeda Clan at the time. During the Sengoku Period, to[...]

Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu

Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu

Period: Nara Period, Heian Period Occupation: sadaijin, poet Family: Fujiwara no Yoshifusa (son) Fujiwara no Junshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Nagara (son) Fujiwara no Uchimaro (father) Birth: 775AD Death: 826AD Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu (藤原冬嗣) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan (more specifically the Hokke Branch) who lived from[...]

Mujina

Mujina

Mujina Mujina (貉) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien and are known to be shapeshifters like the tanuki or kitsune. One story involving this creature details how it liked to take the form of a monk and would perform devotions everyday[...]

Mount Kurama

Mount Kurama

Co-ordinates: 35° 7′ 26″ N, 135° 46′ 17″ E Region: Kansai Region Prefecture: Kyoto Prefecture Height: 584 metres. Mount Kurama Mount Kurama (鞍馬山) is located towards the northern end of Kyoto and has the temple of Kuramadera upon its slopes, founded in 796AD. The mountain itself is 584 metres high[...]

Mount Atago

Mount Atago

Co-ordinates: 35° 3′ 36″ N, 135° 38′ 3″ E Region: Kansai Region Prefecture: Kyoto Prefecture Height: 940 metres. Mount Atago Mount Atago (愛宕山) makes up one of the Tamba Mountains and is located to the north-west of Kyoto. At a height of 924 metres the Atago Shrine can be found[...]

Minamoto no Yorimasa

Minamoto no Yorimasa

  Period: Heian Period Occupation: Warrior / Poet / Monk Family: – Birth: 1104AD Death: 1180AD Minamoto no Yorimasa Minamoto no Yorimasa (源 頼政 was a poet and warrior living from 1104-80.12 As a buddhist monk he went by the name of Gensan-in Nyūdo2, but also was known as Genzanmi[...]

Inson

Inson

Period: Heian Period, Kamakura Period Occupation: Buddhist Sculptor Family: – Birth: 1120 Death: 1198 Inson Inson was a Buddhist sculptor known to have lived during the late Heian Period and early Kamakura Period from 1120AD to 1198. During his lifetime he lived in Heiankyō as was the lead representative of[...]

Mukai Kyorai

Mukai Kyorai

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Poet Family: – Birth: 1651 Death: 1704 Mukai Kyorai Mukai Kyorai (向井 去来), real name Mukai Kanetoki2, lived from 1651 to 1704, born to a physician from Nagasaki.1 As he grew up he excelled in martial arts, but by the age of 23 he decided to[...]

Ōtomo no Tabito

Ōtomo no Tabito

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Poet, , Chūnagon, Dainagon Family: Ōtomo no Yakamochi (son) Sakanoue no Iratsume (half-sister) Birth: 665 Death: 731 Ōtomo no Tabito Ōtomo no Tabito (大伴 旅人) was a member of the Ōtomo Clan, living from 665-731. Family He was father to Ōtomo no Yakamochi and half-brother to[...]

Sakanoue no Iratsume

Sakanoue no Iratsume

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Poet Family: Ōtomo no Tabito (half-brother) Ōtomo no Sukunamaro (half-brother) Ōtomo no Yakamochi (nephew) Birth: – Death: – Sakanoue no Iratsume Sakanoue no Iratsume (大伴坂上 郎女) was the female head of the Ōtomo Clan active from 728 to 746AD.2 During her life she was the favourite[...]

Date Masamune

Date Masamune

Period: Muromachi Period / Azuchi-Momoyama Period Occupation: Daimyō Family: Date Teramune (Father) Birth: 1567 Death: 1635 Date Masmune Date Masamune (伊達 政宗) was a daimyō of Mutsu Province living from 1567 to 1635, during his life he had the nickname of One Eye Dragon (Dokuganryū) as he had a lost[...]

Date Clan

Date Clan

First Ruler: Date Tomomune Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – For a full list of Japanese Clans see: Clans. Date Clan The Date Clan (伊達氏) are descendants of Isa Tomomune, who later changed his name to Date Tomomune. After helping Minamoto no Yoritomo defeat his brother Yoshitsune in 1189 he was[...]

Date Sōdō

Date Sōdō

  Date Sōdō The Date Sōdō (伊達騒動 – Date Disturbance) was a small clash in the Date Clan at the hands of Date Munekatsu. between the years of 1660-1670.12 Date Tsunamura replaced his fathed Tsunamune as daimyō of the Sendai Domain, though in reality it was Munekatsu who held the[...]

Date Munekatsu

Date Munekatsu

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Daimyō Family: Date Tsunamura (nephew) Date Tsunamune (brother) Birth: 1621 Death: 1679 Date Munekatsu Date Munekatsu (伊達宗勝) was a daimyō and member of the Date Clan, brother to Date Tsunamune and uncle of Date Tsunamura.1 He lived from 1621-1679.2 He devised  a plot to have his[...]

Jōgū Shōtoku Hōōtei setsu

Jōgū Shōtoku Hōōtei setsu

Jōgū Shōtoku Hōōtei setsu Jōgū Shōtoku Hōōtei setsu (上宮聖徳法王帝説 – Traditions concerning His Holiness, Prince Shōtoku) is a one volume piece of literature of unknown authorship concerning Shōtoku Taisha. Background The original document is said to have been housed in the temple of Hōryū-ji in Nara, however, the only remaining[...]

Date Tsunamura

Date Tsunamura

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Daimyō of the Sendai Domain Family: Date Tsunamune (father) Date Munekatsu (uncle) Birth: 1659 Death: 1719 Sendai Domain Daimyō Succession: Predecessor Date Tsunamune * Successor Date Yoshimura Date Tsunamura Date Tsunamura (伊達綱村) was a daimyō of the Sendai Domain, living from 1659-1719.1 A member of the[...]

Date Tsunamune

Date Tsunamune

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Daimyō of the Sendai Domain Family: Date Tsunamura (son) Date Munekatsu (brother) Birth: 1640 Death: 1711 Sendai Domain Daimyō Succession: Predecessor Date Tadamune * Successor Date Tsunamura Date Tsunamune Date Tsunamune (伊達 綱宗) was a daimyō of the Sendai Domain, living from 1640-1711.1 A member of the[...]

Itazuke Remains

Itazuke Remains

Itazuke Remains The Itazuke Remains is a prehistoric site dating to the late Jomon Period, located in Shizuoka Prefecture. The site contains many Jomon artifacts as well as preserved footprints of both adults and children dating to about 400BC.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”.[...]

Kashin Koji

Kashin Koji

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: Magician Family: Birth: 1524 Death: – Kashin Koji Kashin Koji (果心居士) was said to have been a magician born in 1524 who also went by the name of Shippo Gyoja (Pilgrim of the Seven Treasures). His ancestry is unfortunately not known and we can often find[...]