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Fujiwara no Takamitsu

Fujiwara no Takamitsu

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Writer, Monk Family: Fujiwara no Morosuke (father) Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (brother) Fujiwara no Koretada (brother) Fujiwara no Kanemichi (brother) Fujiwara no Kaneie (brother) Fujiwara no Kinsue (brother) Birth: – Death: 944AD Fujiwara no Takamitsu Fujiwara no Takamitsu (藤原 高光) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more[...]

Priest Genbō

Priest Genbō

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Buddhist Monk, sōjō Family: – Birth: – Death: 746AD Priest Genbō Priest Genbō (玄昉) was a Buddhist Priest and court official known to have died on 746AD. In 717 he was sent to China alongside Abe no Nakamaro and Kibi no Makibi where he studied the[...]

Abe no Seimei

Abe no Seimei

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Astrologer Family: – Birth: 921AD Death:1005AD Abe no Seimei Abe no Seimei (安倍 晴明) was a member of the Abe Clan living from 921-1005AD. He was an astrologer and was in the court of Emperor Ichijō. He was a part of the onmyōdō and became famous[...]

Man’yōshū

Man’yōshū

Man’yōshū The Man’yōshū (万葉集) is an important literary collection of Japanese poetry. Surviving Examples The oldest surviving example of this document is known as the katsura-bon (桂本) which dates to the mid-Heian period.1 Compilation It is generally unknown how the entire piece was compiled, though the Japanese at this time[...]

Buddhist Titles

Buddhist Titles

Buddhist Titles This page serves to list all different job titles associated with the Buddhist faith. We will continue to update as we add to the site. Sami Sami (沙弥) was a title meaning ‘Cleric of Minor Orders.’ This title was given to people by themselves. Until the arrival of[...]

Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: sesshō, kampaku Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (sister) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Norimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Morozane (son) 2 daughters Birth: 992AD Death: 1074AD Fujiwara no Yorimichi Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原 頼通) was a member of the Fujiwara[...]

Kamo no Ōkimi

Kamo no Ōkimi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Kotoshironushi (father) Himetatara Isuzuhime (sister) Isuzuyorihime (sister) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (daughter) Kamo no Ōkimi Kamo no Ōkimi (鴨王) is said to have been the father of Nunasoko Nakatsuhime12 and a son of Kotoshironushi.2 Footnotes 1. Ponsonby, F. (1959) “The Imperial House of Japan.” Kyoto: Ponsonby[...]

Isuzuyorihime

Isuzuyorihime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Kotoshironushi (father) Emperor Suizei (husband) Emperor Annei (son) Himetatara Isuzuhime (sister) Kamo no Ōkimi (brother) Isuzuyorihime Isuzuyorihime (五十鈴依媛命) is said to have been the daughter of the kami Kotoshironushi. She was the wife of Emperor Suizei and together they had Emperor Annei.1 She was appointed[...]

Bunbuku Chagama

Bunbuku Chagama

Bunbuku Chagama Bunbuku Chagama (分福茶釜 or 文福茶釜) is a Japanese Folktale about a Tanuki who rewards the man who rescued him. Synopsis A Buddhist Priest comes across an old battered tea kettle amongst a pile of lumber. He takes the kettle and proceeds to clean it, and began to use[...]

Gensuke

Gensuke

Gensuke Gensuke was a victim to the practise of Hitobashira in 1608. This event occured at the Matsue Ohashi Bridge. Attempts were being made to construct a bridge over the Ohashi river here, however, the pillars kept being washed away. A sacrifice was chosen (this being the next soul to[...]

Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga

Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga

Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga The Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga (鳥獣人物戯画 – Scrolls of Frolicking Animals) Chōjū-giga (鳥獣戯画) are a group of 4 emakimono scrolls with varying animal and human depictions, many of the animals having human characteristics. They are also notable as they contain no text.12 The scrolls measure 31cm high and are around 1 metre[...]

Provincial Titles

Provincial Titles

Provincial Titles See also: Court Titles, Imperial Titles, Be, Uji, Sesshō and Kampaku This pages serves to list the various Provincial Titles used in the past and up to this day. No doubt this page will continue to be updated as we continue our research. This page may also merge[...]

Fujiwara no Kadanomaro

Fujiwara no Kadanomaro

Period: Nara Period / Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Oguromaro (father) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Kadanomaro Fujiwara no Kadanomaro (藤原 葛野麻呂) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living around the late 8th and early 9th century. He was the son of Fujiwara no Oguromaro. In[...]

Fujiwara no Izuko

Fujiwara no Izuko

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Kintada (father) Birth: – Death:- Fujiwara no Izuko Fujiwara no Izuko was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. A daughter to Fujiwara no Kintada she lived from 1351-1406AD marrying Emperor Go-En’yu. Together they had a child who would become Emperor Go-Komatsu. In[...]

Haji no Umate

Haji no Umate

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: Retainer in the Office of Crown Lands Family: Haji Clan Birth: Death: 711AD Haji no Umate Haji no Umate (馬手) was a member of the Haji Clan known to have fought in the Jinshin War during his lifetime. When the future Emperor Tenmu left to become[...]

Haji no Ushikatsu

Haji no Ushikatsu

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Lieutenant Governor of Kazusa Province Family: Haji Clan Birth: Death: Haji no Ushikatsu Haji no Ushikatsu (土師 牛勝) was a member of the Haji Clan who we see mentioned as Lieutenant Governor of Kazusa Province in 738AD. In 745 we see him in the capital with[...]

Haji Clan

Haji Clan

First Ruler: Nomi no Sukune (dubious) Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – Cadet Branches: Sugawara Clan, Akishino Clan, Ōe Clan, Niehaji. For a full list of Clans: See Japanese Clans. Haji Clan The Haji Clan (土師氏) was a Japanese clan which claimed descent from the Shinto spirit Amenohohi in the 12[...]

Ama no Hayekiri

Ama no Hayekiri

Ama no Hayekiri / Orochi no Karasabi / Orochi no Aramasa Ama no Hayekiri, Orochi no Karasabi and Orochi no Aramasa are the names of swords used by Susano-o to kill the Dragon Yamata no Orochi. The name changes as within the Nihongi there are several alternative versions of the same[...]

Mizokuhi

Mizokuhi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Kotoshironushi (husband) Himetatara Isuzuhime (daughter) Mizokuhi Mizokuhi also known as Tamakushihime (玉櫛媛) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Nihongi as the wife of Kotoshironushi and mother of Himetatara Isuzuhime. It is said she is from Mishima Island.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1:[...]

Kotoshironushi

Kotoshironushi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Mizokuhi (wife) Himetatara Isuzuhime (daughter) Isuzuyorihime (daughter) Kamo no Ōkimi (son) Kotoshironushi Kotoshironushi (事代主神) is a Shinto Spirit seen in the Nihongi as husband to Mizokuhi and father of Himetatara Isuzuhime (wife of Emperor Jimmu). It is said he was transformed into a Wani before joining[...]

Himetatara Isuzuhime

Himetatara Isuzuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Ōmiwa (father?) Kotoshironushi (father) Mizokuhi (mother) Emperor Jimmu (husband) Emperor Suizei (son) Isuzuyorihime (sister) Kamo no Ōkimi (brother) Himetatara Isuzuhime Himetatara Isuzuhime (媛蹈鞴五十鈴媛) is a Shinto Spirit said in one version of the Nihongi to have been the daughter of Ōmiwa. In another version she is[...]

Sukunabikona

Sukunabikona

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Takamimusuhi (father) Sukunabikona Sukunabikona (少彦名神) is a Shinto Spirit seen in two differing narratives inside of the Nihongi. In the first version he works with Ōkuninushi to make the ‘sub-celestial world,’ during this time they determine how to heal the diseases of men, and prtoects against[...]

Ōmiwa

Ōmiwa

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Himetatara Isuzuhime (daughter) Kimi of Kamo (descendants) Kimi of Ōmiwa (descendants) Ōmiwa Ōmiwa is a Shinto kami seen mentioned in the Nihongi. He is said to be the ancestor of the Kimi of Kamo and Kimi of Ōmiwa. His daughter was Himetatara Isuzuhime. He is[...]

Ōkuninushi

Ōkuninushi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Amenofuyukinu (father) Sashikuniwakahime (mother) Susano-o (ancestor) Ōkuninushi Ōkuninushi (大国主神 – Great Land Master1) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki as the son of Amenofuyukinu and Sashikuniwakahime, due to this he is a decendant of Susano-o.1 The Nihongi list several alternative narratives for Ōkuninushi. In[...]

Sashikuniō

Sashikuniō

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Sashikuniwakahime (daughter) Sashikuniō Sashikuniō (刺国大神 – Land Marker Parent) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned in the Kojiki as the father of Sashikuniwakahime. The ‘sashi’ in his name could be a reference to a sliver of land.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt. (2014) “Kojiki.[...]

Sashikuniwakahime

Sashikuniwakahime

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Amenofuyukinu (husband) Ōkuninushi (son) Sashikuniō (father) Sashikuniwakahime Sashikuniwakahime (刺国若比売 – Young Lady Land Marker) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki as the child of Sashikuniō and wife of Amenofuyukinu. With her husband they have the child Ōkuninushi. Her name is suggestive of being a[...]

Amenofuyukinu

Amenofuyukinu

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Clothing Family: Futemimi (mother) Yatsukamizu Omitsuno (father) Sashikuniwakahime (wife) Ōkuninushi (son) Amenofuyukinu Amenofuyukinu (天之冬衣神 – Padded Winter Robe of Heaven1) is a Shinto kami mentioned in both the Kojiki and Nihongi. In the Kojiki he is said to have been the son of Futemimi and Yatsukamizu Omitsuno.[...]

Funozuno

Funozuno

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Clothing Family: Futemimi (daughter) Funozuno Funozuno (布怒豆怒神 – Master Twined Vines) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki as the father of Futemimi. He is a kami that represents clothing, with vines of his made into clothes after being bleached in limestone rich water.1 Footnotes[...]

Futemimi

Futemimi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Clothing Family: Yatsukamizu Omitsuno (husband) Amenofuyukinu (son) Funozuno (father) Futemimi Futemimi (布帝耳神 – Robed Majestic Might) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki. She is said to have married Yatsukamizu Omitsuno with whom she had a child called Amenofuyukinu. She is also stated as the child[...]

Amenotsudoechine

Amenotsudoechine

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Fukabuchinomizuyarehana (husband) Omizunu (son) Amenotsudoechine Amenotsudoechine (天之都度閇知泥神 or 阿麻乃都刀閇乃知尼 – Gathered Waterways of Heaven / Assembly of Heaven) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki. They marry the kami Fukabuchinomizuyarehana and together they had the child Omizunu.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt.[...]

Fukabuchinomizuyarehana

Fukabuchinomizuyarehana

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Rivers? Family: Hikawahime (mother) Fuwanomojikunusunu (father) Amenotsudoechine (wife) Omizunu (son) Fukabuchinomizuyarehana Fukabuchinomizuyarehana (深淵之水夜礼花神 – First Flow from Still Pools / Blossoms Torn in Still Pools) was a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki. He is said to have been the child of Hikawahime and Fuwanomojikunusunu. He married[...]

Okami

Okami

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family:  Hikawahime (daughter) Hinarashihime (daughter) Okami Okami  (淤加美神 – Rain Serpent) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki. He is said to have been a serpentine kami who was the father of Hikawahime and Hinarashihime.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt. (2014) “Kojiki. An[...]

Hikawahime

Hikawahime

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family:  Okami (father) Fuwanomojikunusunu (husband) Fukabuchinomizuyarehana (son) Hikawahime Hikawahime (日河比売 – Lady Spirit River / Lady Sunny River) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki. She is stated to have been the daughter of Okami who married Fuwanomojikunusunu. With her husband they had a son known[...]

Fuwanomojikunusunu

Fuwanomojikunusunu

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Yashimajinumi (father) Konohanachiruhime (mother) Hikawahime (wife) Fukabuchinomizuyarehana (son) Fuwanomojikunusunu Fuwanomojikunusunu (布波能母遅久奴須奴神 – Budding Noble Land Dwelling Master) is a Shinto kami mentioned in the Kojiki. He was the son of Yashimajinumi and Konohanachiruhime and through his marriage to Hikawahime he had a child called Fukabuchinomizuyarehana. The[...]

Konohanachiruhime

Konohanachiruhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Ōyamatsumi (father) Yashimajinumi (husband) Fuwanomojikunusunu (son) Konohanachiruhime Konohanachiruhime (木花知流比売 – Lady Tree Blossoms Scattering) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned in the Kojiki. She is stated to be the daughter of Ōyamatsumi and wife of Yashimajinumi with whom she has a son called Fuwanomojikunusunu. The blossoms in[...]

Yashimajinumi

Yashimajinumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Susano-o (father) Kushinadahime (mother) Konohanachiruhime (wife) Fuwanomojikunusunu (son) Yashimajinumi Yashimajinumi (八島士奴美神 – Mighty Master Ruling Eightfold Isles) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned in the Kojiki as the son of Susano-o and Kushinadahime. He married Konohanachiruhime and together they had the child Fuwanomojikunusunu. His name would suggest[...]

Kushinadahime

Kushinadahime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: ? Family: Ashinadzuchi (father) Tenadzuchi (mother) Susano-o (husband) Ōkuninushi (son?) Yashimajinumi (son) Suga-no-yu-yama-nushi Mitsu-na-saro-hiko-yamaa-shino (son) Kushinadahime Kushinadahime (櫛名田比売 / 奇稲田姫 – Lady Wondrous Rice Paddies2) is a Shinto Spirit seen within the Kojiki and Nihongi narrative with connections to Susano-o and the Dragon Yamata no Orochi.12[...]

Tenadzuchi

Tenadzuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Agricultural? Family: Ashinadzuchi (husband) Kushinadahime (daughter) Tenadzuchi Tenadzuchi ( 手名椎 / 手摩乳命) is a Shinto kami seen in the texts of the Kojiki and Nihongi in relation to their dealings with Yamata no Orochi. She is the wife of Ashinadzuchi and mother to Kushinadahime in both[...]

Ashinadzuchi

Ashinadzuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Tenadzuchi (wife) Kushinadahime (daughter) Ōyamatsumi (father) Ashinadzuchi Ashinadzuchi ( 足名椎 / 脚摩乳命) is a Shinto kami seen in the texts of the Kojiki and Nihongi in relation to their dealings with Yamata no Orochi. He is the husband of Tenadzuchi and father to Kushinadahime in both the Nihongi[...]

Tsumatsuhime

Tsumatsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Isotakeru (brother) Oyatsuhime (sister) Tsumatsuhime Tsumatsuhime is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The tale states Susano-o was jealous of the land of Han and its riches, and so from his body he pucked many[...]

Oyatsuhime

Oyatsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Isotakeru (brother) Tsumatsuhime (sister) Oyatsuhime Oyatsuhime (大屋都比賣神 / 大屋津姫命) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The tale states Susano-o was jealous of the land of Han and its riches, and so from his body[...]

Isotakeru

Isotakeru

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Oyatsuhime (sister) Tsumatsuhime (sister) Isotakeru Isotakeru (五十猛神) is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The first mentions that after his father was banished from Heaven he went to dwell in Silla with Isotakeru. Before leaving[...]

Ōtoshi

Ōtoshi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Harvest Family: Susano-o (father) Kamu Ōichihime (mother) Ukanomitama (sister) Ōtoshi Ōtoshi (大歳神 – Great Harvest) was the son of Susano-o and his second wife Kamu Ōichihime. He is also the brother of Ukanomitama and is known as a harvest spirit.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by[...]

Kamu Ōichihime

Kamu Ōichihime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: ? Family: Susano-o (husband) Ōyamatsumi (father) Ashinadzuchi (brother?) Kushinadahime (niece?) Kamu Ōichihime Kamu Ōichihime (神大市比売 – Lady Sacred Great Market) is mentioned in the text of the Kojiki as the second wife of Susano-o. Potentially by tracing the family tree, she would be the aunt of Kushinadahime,[...]

Yamata no Orochi

Yamata no Orochi

Yamata no Orochi Yamata no Orochi (ヤマタノオロチ, also 八岐大蛇 , 八俣遠呂智 or 八俣遠呂知, 大蛇) was a giant serpentine Dragon mentioned in the Shinto Mythologies in association with Susano-o. The Dragon and Susano-o can be found in old texts such as the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 The appaearance of the Dragon in[...]

Yamatsuchi

Yamatsuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: – Yamatsuchi Yamatsuchi is a Shinto deity seen in an alternative writing of the Nihongi. In this version they are tasked with gathering Sakaki Tree’s as part of the offerings to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Sacred Rock Cave.1 Footnotes 1. Aston.[...]

Hinomahe

Hinomahe

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Ishikoridome (creator) Hinomahe Hinomahe is a Shinto deity mentioned in an alternative writing of the Nihongi. It states that Ishikoridome formed a Sun Spear made out of copper from Mount Kagu to help get Amaterasu out of the cave as well as Heavenly Bellows[...]

Amenoakarudama

Amenoakarudama

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Izanagi (father) Amenoakarudama Amenoakarudama is a Shinto deity mentioned in an alternative writing of the Nihongi where he said to be the child of Izanagi and is instructed with making jewels to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Sacred Rock Cave.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G.[...]

Wakahirume

Wakahirume

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Wakahirume Wakahirume (稚日女尊) is a Shinto mentioned in the Nihongi. She is seen in an alternative writing of the Nihongi where she is startled by the acts of Susano-o whilst in the Weaving Hall of Takamagahara. She injurues herself on the weaving shuttle and[...]

Hiwashi

Hiwashi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: – Hiwashi Hiwashi (天日鷲神) is a Shinto deity mentioned in the Nihongi. They are seen in an alternative writing of the Nihongi during the time when Amaterasu is hiding in the Sacred Rock Cave. He is instructed to gather tree fibres as one of[...]

Kogotomusuhi

Kogotomusuhi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Ameno Koyane (daughter) Nakatomi Clan Kogotomusuhi Kogotomusuhi is a Shinto deity seen in the Nihongi. He is stated to have been the father of Ameno Koyane.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to AD697”. Tuttle Publishing.[...]

Amenonukado

Amenonukado

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Ishikoridome (daughter) Amenonukado Amenonukado (天抜戸命) is the father of Ishokoridome. He is mentioned in the Nihongi as such, but also in one alternative writing of the Nihongi it states that he was the deity who fashioned the mirror that coaxed Amaterasu out of the Rock[...]

Fujiwara no Shōshi

Fujiwara no Shōshi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Empress Family: Emperor Ichijō (husband) Emperor Go-Ichijō (son) Emperor Go-Suzaku (son) Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Norimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Yorimichi (brother) Birth: 988AD Death: 1074AD Fujiwara no Shōshi Fujiwara no Shōshi (藤原 彰子) was a member[...]

Hotta Masanobu

Hotta Masanobu

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Hatamoto Family: – Birth: – Death: – Hotta Masanobu Hotta Masanobu (堀田 正信) was a hatamoto1 of Shimōsa Province.2 Within the province he ruled over the village of Kozu and heavily taxed all the residents of the Province for their rice causing almost all to be[...]

Sakura Sōgorō

Sakura Sōgorō

Period: Edo Period Occupation: Peasant Family: Wife and 4 children. Birth: Death: September 24th 1653 Sakura Sōgorō Sakura Sōgorō (佐倉 惣五郎) also known as Kiuchi Sōgorō (木内 惣五郎) was a peasant living in the village of Kozu, now close to modern day Narita.1 At the time this was in the[...]

Mujina

Mujina

Mujina Mujina (貉) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien and are known to be shapeshifters like the tanuki or kitsune. One story involving this creature details how it liked to take the form of a monk and would perform devotions everyday[...]

Minamoto no Yorimasa

Minamoto no Yorimasa

  Period: Heian Period Occupation: Warrior / Poet / Monk Family: – Birth: 1104AD Death: 1180AD Minamoto no Yorimasa Minamoto no Yorimasa (源 頼政 was a poet and warrior living from 1104-80.12 As a buddhist monk he went by the name of Gensan-in Nyūdo2, but also was known as Genzanmi[...]

Inson

Inson

Period: Heian Period, Kamakura Period Occupation: Buddhist Sculptor Family: – Birth: 1120 Death: 1198 Inson Inson was a Buddhist sculptor known to have lived during the late Heian Period and early Kamakura Period from 1120AD to 1198. During his lifetime he lived in Heiankyō as was the lead representative of[...]

Kashin Koji

Kashin Koji

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: Magician Family: Birth: 1524 Death: – Kashin Koji Kashin Koji (果心居士) was said to have been a magician born in 1524 who also went by the name of Shippo Gyoja (Pilgrim of the Seven Treasures). His ancestry is unfortunately not known and we can often find[...]

Minamoto no Shitagō

Minamoto no Shitagō

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Nashitsubo no Gonin, Poet Family: – Birth: 911AD Death: 983AD Minamoto no Shitagō Minamoto no Shitagō (源 順) also known as Minamoto no Shitagau was a Heian Period poet living from 911 to 983AD.12 Later in life he became a Buddhist Monk and took the name[...]

Okiku

Okiku

Okiku Okiku (お菊)is a well known ghost in Japan. Known from the 1741 folktale by the name of Banchō Sarayashiki, she falls into the category of an Onryō (vengeful ghost) Harima Province Version Okiku was from Harima Province, working as a maid servant for the Samurai Aoyama Tessan. Tessan wanted[...]

Yatsukamizu Omitsuno

Yatsukamizu Omitsuno

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Relating to water. Family: Fukabuchinomizuyarehana (father) Amenotsudoechine (mother) Futemimi (wife) Amenofuyukinu (son) Yatsukamizu Omitsuno Yatsukamizu Omitsuno (八束水巨津野)1, or simply Omizunu (淤美豆奴神, or 意弥都奴 – Great Water Master2) is a Shinto deity mentioned in several different texts. Name and Ancestry Carlqvist, referenced below, states that ‘Omitsuno’ was[...]

Henjo

Henjo

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Waka Poet, Monk Family: Priest Sosei (son) Birth: 816 Death: 890 Henjo Henjo (遍昭 or 遍照) was a Buddhist monk and poet, entering into religion in 849. Before this he was known as Yoshimine no Munesada (良岑宗貞) and lived between 816 and 890. Before entering into religion[...]

Priest Kisen

Priest Kisen

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Waka Poet, Monk Family: Birth: mid 9th Century Death: – Priest Kisen Priest Kisen (喜撰) was a Buddhist monk and Japanese poet living around the mid 9th century. Sadly not much is known about him other than he lived in the area of Uji and according[...]

Hinohayahi

Hinohayahi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Susano-o (father?) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi Hinohayahi is a Shinto deity mentioned in one alternative version of the Nihongi where he is born from Susano-o placing one of the jewels from his hair onto his left foot.1 Footnotes 1. Aston.[...]

Hitotsume Kozō

Hitotsume Kozō

Hitotsume Kozō Hitotsume Kozō (一つ目小僧 – One Eyed Boy) is a type of Japanese Yōkai. Should you run into this creature you will find one which has the appearance of a small child, however, they have extraordinarily long tongues and one large central eye in their forehead. They will be[...]

Onmoraki

Onmoraki

Onmoraki Onmoraki (陰摩羅鬼 – Shadow Demon) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. This particular creature is said to take the appearance of a crane with a black body and glowing eyes. When it flaps its wings it is known to give[...]

Shitennō-ji

Shitennō-ji

Co-ordinates: 35°00′48″N 135°51′10″E Region: Kansai Region Prefecture: Osaka Prefecture Founded: 593AD Affiliation: Buddhism Shitennō-ji Shitennō-ji (四天王寺) is a Buddhist Temple said to have been constrcuted by Shōtoku Taisha in thanks to the ‘four heavenly kings’ he believed who had helped him win against the Mononobe Clan. This temple is the oldest[...]

Zenki and Goki

Zenki and Goki

Zenki and Goki Zenki and Goki (前鬼 & 後鬼) are two well known Oni with strong associations with the founder of the Shugendō Religion, En no Gyōja. Said to have dwelt in the mountains ranges close to Nara, they would regularly terrorise the people there by taking their children. En[...]

En no Ozunu

En no Ozunu

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: Religious Founder Family: Birth: 634? Death: 701? En no Ozunu En no Ozunu (役小角) lived during the Asuka Period, perhaps from 634-701AD. He was born with the name Kamo-no-e-no-kimi, but over his life he gathered many others such as En no Gyōja (役行者 En the pilgrim), Jinben[...]

Shugendō

Shugendō

Shugendō Shugendō (修験道) is a religion in Japan which is a mixture of both Buddhism and native Japanese mountain worship, historically said to have been founded by En no Ozunu upon the slopes of Mount Katsuragi, Nara Prefecture. The religion had a rather quick growth after its onset and the[...]

Mount Fuji

Mount Fuji

Co-ordinates: 35°21′29″N, 138°43′52″E Region: Chūbu Region Prefecture: Shizuoka Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture. Height: 3,776m Mount Fuji Mount Fuji (富士山) is the tallest mountain in Japan, reaching a height of 3,776 meters. The mountain itself has 3 subsidiary volcanoes by the names of Komitake, Ko-Fuji and Shin-Fuji. Shin-Fuji being the most active[...]

Amatsumara

Amatsumara

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Blacksmithing. Family: – Amatsumara Amatsumara (One Eye of Heaven) (天津麻羅) is the Shinto deity of blacksmiths and acts as the smith of Heaven. Mentioned in the Kojiki, after Amaterasu hides herself in the Sacred Rock Cave, he is asked to come forth and help them figure[...]

Omoikane

Omoikane

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Advisor of Heaven. Family: – Omoikane Omoikane, (思兼 / 思金) also known as Tokoyo-no-omoi-kane is a deity from Shinto mythology mentioned in both the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 Once Amaterasu flees into the Sacred Rock Cave and the sun disapears from Heaven and Earth, this deity is[...]

Ama no Iwato

Ama no Iwato

Ama no Iwato Ama no Iwato (天岩戸, Sacred Rock Cave) is a sacred and important cave in Shinto mythology. This rock cave surrounds the story of Amaterasu and Susano-o after he scares her causing her to flee into the rock cave.123 Due to Amaterasu hiding here, the sun disappeared from[...]

Takehiratori

Takehiratori

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amenohohi (father) Takehiratori Takehiratori (Brave Hinterland Bird1) (建比良鳥) is a Shinto deity mentioned in both the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 The deity also goes by the names of Amanohinatori and Takehinateri.2 He is said to be the son of Amenohohi  and became the ancestor for the[...]

Shiki and Kyaku

Shiki and Kyaku

Shiki and Kyaku Shiki and Kyaku (Admnistrative/Ceremonial Procedures and Penal Codes) are two different types of legal documents made to implement the laws of the late 7th and early 8th centuries. The first Shiki and Kyaku were completed in the Kōnin Era, the second in the Jōgan Era. The Engi[...]

Kumanokusubi

Kumanokusubi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Kumanokusubi Kumanokusubi (Wonder Worker of Bear Moors) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the fifth and final born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This[...]

Ikutsuhikone

Ikutsuhikone

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Ikutsuhikone Ikutsuhikone (Lively Little Lad) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the fourth born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This is related in[...]

Amatsuhikone

Amatsuhikone

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Amatsuhikone Amatsuhikone (Little lad of Heaven) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the third born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This is related[...]

Amenohohi

Amenohohi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Amenohohi Amenohohi (Majestic Rice Ears of Heaven) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the second born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This[...]

Amenooshihomimi

Amenooshihomimi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Amenooshihomimi Amenooshihomimi (Ruling Rice Ears of Heaven) also known as Masa-katsu-a-katsu-kachi-haya-hi-ame-no-oshi-ho-mimi (Truly Winning Have I Won with Rushing Might Ruling Grand Rice Ears of Heaven) is a son of Amaterasu, he was[...]

Takitsuhime

Takitsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: Munakata. Family: Susano-o (father) Takiribime (sister) Ichikishimahime (sister) Takisuhime Takisuhime (Lady Seething Torrent) is a Shinto Deity and one of the Spirits of Munakata. She is the third of three sisters born from the sword of Susano-o after being chewed up and spat out by Amaterasu according[...]

Ichikishimahime

Ichikishimahime

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Munakata. Family: Susano-o (father) Takiribime (sister) Takitsuhime (sister) Ichikishimahime Ichikishimahime (Lady Consecrated Isle) also known as Sayoribime (Lady Summons Spirit) is a Shinto kami and one of the kami of Munakata. She is the second of three sisters born from the sword of Susano-o after being[...]

Takiribime

Takiribime

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Munakata. Family: Susano-o (father) Ichikishimahime (sister) Takitsuhime (sister) Takiribime Takiribime (Lady Mist), also known as Okitsushimahime (Lady Offshore Isle) is a Shinto kami and one of the kami of Munakata. She is the first of three sisters born from the sword of Susano-o after being chewed[...]

Amenohatorihime

Amenohatorihime

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: Weaving? Family: – Amenohatorihime Amenohatorihime (Weaver Woman of Heaven) is a deity from Shinto Mythology. In the Kojiki it is said she was weaving in the weaving hall of Heaven with Amaterasu when Susano-o threw a pie-bald colt which had been flayed backwards from its tail[...]

Mikuratana

Mikuratana

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: Rice? Family: Izanagi (original owner) Amaterasu (wearer) Mikuratana Mikuratana (Mighty Storehouse Shelf) is a Spirit from Shinto mythology. She is a divine necklace, given by Izanagi to his daughter Amaterasu before she ascends to rule Heaven, this is related in the Kojiki. Within the Nihongi she[...]

Heaven

Heaven

Heaven This page about Heaven serves to bring together information we have gathered relating to the various ‘Heaven’s’ from different religions in Japan. As we gather more information this page may be broken down into seperate pages. Takamagahara – Shinto Takamagahara (高天原) is the Shinto version of Heaven. Its origins[...]

Nara Prefecture

Nara Prefecture

Co-ordinates: 34°34′N 135°46′E Island: Honshu Region: Kansai Capital: Nara See also: Yamato Province See also: List of Prefectures. Nara Prefecture Nara Prefecture (奈良県 – Nara-ken) is located on the island of Honshu. As a land-locked Prefecture it is bordered on all sides. Kyoto Prefecture to the North, Mie to the West, Wakayama on[...]

Battle of Mimikawa

Battle of Mimikawa

Period: Azuchi-Momoyama Period Date: 1578 Location: Kyushu Outcome: Defeat of Ōtomo Sōrin’s forces Battle of Mimikawa The Battle of Mimikawa occurred in 1578 on the island of Kyushu. The battle involving the forces of daimyō  Ōtomo Sōrin and his vassal Tsunokumo Sekiso. Sekiso warned again this battle, saying they would lose.[...]

Bungo Province

Bungo Province

See also: List of Provinces Bungo Province Bungo Province (豊後国) was an old Province of Japan, located in what is now Ōita Prefecture.1 Azuchi-Momoyama Period During this period it was ruled over by the daimyō Ōtomo Sōrin, who led his warriors into a battle later known as the Battle of[...]

Ōtomo Sōrin

Ōtomo Sōrin

Period: Azuchi-Momoyama Period Occupation: Daimyō (Feudal Lord) Family: ? Birth: ? Death: 1587 Ōtomo Sōrin Ōtomo Sōrin (大友 宗麟) was a daimyō (Feudal Lord) in the Province of Bungo in Kyushu. He had as his vassal the Samurai Tsunokuma Sekiso who was famed for his supernatural abilities to control weather. His[...]

Tsunokuma Sekiso

Tsunokuma Sekiso

Period: Azuchi-Momoyama Period Occupation: Gunbaisha (Military Strategist) Family: ? Birth: ? Death: 1578AD Tsunokuma Sekiso Tsunokuma Sekiso (角隈 石宗) was a Gunbaisha (Military Strategist) and Vassal during the Azuchi-Momoyama Period for the Warlord Ōtomo Sōrin. He died during the Battle of Mimikawa in 1578. Records from his life state that[...]

Amekumabito

Amekumabito

Amekumabito Amekumabito is a Shinto Spirit mentioned in the Nihongi. She is tasked with going to the body of Ukemochi, by Amaterasu, after Tsukiyomi has killed her. Upon the body of Ukemochi she finds and brings back from her body ox, horse, millet, silkworm, panic, rice, wheat, large beans and smalls[...]

Ukemochi

Ukemochi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: ??? Ukemochi Ukemochi (保食神) was a Shinto Spirit, mentioned in the Nihongi, that dwelt upon Japan. Amaterasu learns of her existence and so sends her brother Tsukiyomi to go and attend her. Upon his arrival she turns her head towards the land causing boiled mouth[...]

Nagasaki Prefecture

Nagasaki Prefecture

Co-ordinates: : 32°58′N 129°48′E Island: Kyushu Region: Kyushu Region Capital: Nagasaki See also: Iki Province, Tsushima Province, Hizen Province. See also: List of Prefectures. Nagasaki Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県 – Nagasaki-ken) is located on the island of Kyushu. It is bordered by the Genkai Sea and Tsushima Strait on its northern edge, by Saga[...]

Fujiwara no Yoshitaka

Fujiwara no Yoshitaka

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Waka Poet Family: Fujiwara no Koretada (father) Fujiwara no Yukinari (son) Birth: 954AD Death: 974AD Fujiwara no Yoshitaka Fujiwara no Yoshitaka 藤原 義孝 (954 – 74) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan,  more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan, and was the son of Fujiwara[...]

Road Wardens of Yomi

Road Wardens of Yomi

Road Wardens of Yomi The Road Wardens of Yomi are a collection of beings mentioned in one alternative version of the Nihongi are a residents of Yomi. In this version they appear at the Even Pass of Yomi after Izanagi has fled from his wife after seeing her rotting body. They[...]

Kukurihime

Kukurihime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: ?? Kukurihime Kukurihime (菊理媛神) is a Shinto Spirit who appears in one alternative version of the Nihongi. She appear to Izanagi after he has left his wife in Yomi and divorced her. The Nihongi says that this Spirit says something enjoyable to Izanagi and then[...]