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Jien (慈円), also known as Fujiwara no Yoshimizu was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from c.1155-1225. He was the son of Fujiwara no Tadamichi.

At the age of 11 he joined the Tendai Sect, quickly finding himself becoming Tendai-zasu (superior), a role known as daisōjō. During his life he studied under the monk Myōun and became chaplain to the retired Empeor Go-Toba. He was also master to Jigen and admitted Shinran into the Shōren-in monastery.

He is known to be the author of the Gukanshō and a collection of waka called the Shūgyoku-shū. We can also find some of his poems in Imperial Anthologies such as the Senzai wakashu and the shin kokin wakashu. He is included as one of the New Thirty-Six Poetic Geniuses.

Jien also went by the names of Yoshimizu Sō Jō and Jichin.1


1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press.

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