- See also: List of Provinces
Table of Contents
During its inception, when the Kokugen System came into effect, it stayed as the centre of government and culture from the 4th century until 784. It then moved to Yamashiro Province and the city of Nagaokakyō.1
The Jinnō Shōtōki relates during the reign of Emperor Sujin he summoned the kami Ishikoridome and a descendant of Amatsumara to the village of Uda in this province to fashion a new Sacred Mirror and Sword.
It is likely the Haji Clan came from Izumo to Yamato during the 5th century as the Yamato Court arose here. Legends say they came directly, but archaeological evidence shows they slowly emmigrated leaving settlements in Mimasaka and Harima Province.3 The Abe Clan was also based here.1
Kamakura and Muromachi Period
During the Kamakura and Muromachi period it is known that Shugo (Provincial Contables) were not appointed here by the shogunate and so this area remained under the control of Kōfukuji. Due to this, Samurai forces here expanded under the temple’s influence.
1. Kodansha. (1993) ”Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia”. Tokyo: Kodansha Ltd.
2. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press.
3. Borgen, R. (1975) “The Origins of the Sugawara. A History of the Haji Family”. Monumenta Nipponica. Vol.30 No.4 pp.405-422
4. Varley, H.P (1980) “A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa.” New York: Columbia University Press.
|Kinai||Izumi * Kawachi * Settsu * Yamashiro * Yamato|
|Tōsandō||Dewa * Hida * Kōzuke * Mino * Mutsu * Omi * Shimotsuke * Shinano|
|Hokurikudō||Echigo * Echizen * Etchū * Kaga * Koshi * Wakasa|
|San’indō||Hōki * Inaba * Izumo * Tajima * Tamba * Tango|
|Tōkaidō||Ise * Kai * Kazusa * Mikawa * Owari * Sagami * Shimōsa * Suruga * Tōtōmi|
|Nankaidō||Awa * Iyo * Kii * Sanuki * Tosa|
|San’yōdō||Aki * Harima * Mimasaka|
|Saikaidaō||Bungo * Chikuzen * Hizen * Hyūga * Iki * Tsushima|
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