Wiki Category: Artefacts

All Pages on our site linked to Artefacts.

Be sure to subscribe to our Podcast: Japan Archives. A weekly podcast into bite sized pieces of Japanese History.

If you want to help out our website let us known through our Contact Us page. We are a small team and any help from people who love Japanese history would only help to make this website expand even quicker than we are doing now.

Thank you for visiting our website, we try our best to make a useful website for all history enthusiasts and we hope you will recommend our site to others and come back again and again to learn more of Japanese History.

All Pages on our site linked to Artefacts.

Hidari Jingorō

Hidari Jingorō

Period: Azuchi-Momoyama Period, Edo Period Occupation: Sculptor Family: Birth: c.1548 Death: c.1634 Hidari Jingorō Hidari Jingorō (左 甚五郎) is said to have lived from c.1584-1634,1 and whose real name was Itami Toshikatsu.12 Born in Akashi (now Hyogo Prefecture) he was discipled to a master carpenter of the Imperial Court.2 Said[...]

Human Sacrifice

Human Sacrifice

Human Sacrifice Human Sacrifice was a practise that was said to have been carried out in ancient Japan. Though it is dubious whether this actually occoured or not. Hitobashira Hitobashira (人柱 – Human Pillar) was the practise of emtombing a person at the base of a structure/pillar with the belief[...]

Empress Hibasuhime

Empress Hibasuhime

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Empress Family: Emperor Suinin (husband) Birth: – Death: – Empress Hibasuhime Empress Hibasuhime (日葉酢媛命) was the wife of Emperor Suinin. Upon her death the Emperor asked what should be done for her funeral. Some of the ministers stated that they should follow the tradition carried out[...]

Sugawara no Takasue no Musume

Sugawara no Takasue no Musume

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Author Family: Sugawara no Takasue Birth: 1008 Death: after 1059 Sugawara no Takasue no Musume Sugawara no Takasue no Musume (菅原孝標女) was a member of the Sugawara Clan and daughter of Sugawara no Takasue, born in 100812 she died some time after 1067.2 Though we know[...]

Sugawara Clan

Sugawara Clan

First Ruler: Haji no Sukune Furuhito Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – Parent House: Haji Clan For a full list of Japanese Clans see: Clans. Sugawara Clan The Sugawara Clan (菅原氏) is a decendant of the Haji Clan which came into existence in 781AD.12 The change occoured when Haji no Sukune[...]

Haji no Sukune Furuhito

Haji no Sukune Furuhito

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Lieutenant Governor of Tōtōmi Family: Haji Clan (ancestors) Sugawara Clan (decendants) Birth: Death: Haji no Sukune Furuhito Haji no Sukune Furuhito (土師 宿禰古人) later Sugawara no Furuhito (菅原古人) was a member of the Haji Clan until he requested their name be changed to Sugawara. During his[...]

Haji Clan

Haji Clan

First Ruler: Nomi no Sukune (dubious) Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – Cadet Branches: Sugawara Clan, Akishino Clan, Ōe Clan, Niehaji. For a full list of Clans: See Japanese Clans. Haji Clan The Haji Clan (土師氏) was a Japanese clan which claimed descent from the Shinto spirit Amenohohi in the 12[...]

Nomi no Sukune

Nomi no Sukune

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Sumo Wrestler, Master Potter Family: Haji Clan (descendants) Haji no Mino (great-grandson) Amenohohi (ancestor) Others see below. Birth: Death: Nomi no Sukune Nomi no Sukune (野見 宿禰) was said to have been a descendant of the god Amenohohi in the 14th generation and great-grandfather to Haji[...]

Ama no Hayekiri

Ama no Hayekiri

Ama no Hayekiri / Orochi no Karasabi / Orochi no Aramasa Ama no Hayekiri, Orochi no Karasabi and Orochi no Aramasa are the names of swords used by Susano-o to kill the Dragon Yamata no Orochi. The name changes as within the Nihongi there are several alternative versions of the same[...]

Amenofuyukinu

Amenofuyukinu

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Clothing Family: Futemimi (mother) Yatsukamizu Omitsuno (father) Sashikuniwakahime (wife) Ōkuninushi (son) Amenofuyukinu Amenofuyukinu (天之冬衣神 – Padded Winter Robe of Heaven1) is a Shinto kami mentioned in both the Kojiki and Nihongi. In the Kojiki he is said to have been the son of Futemimi and Yatsukamizu Omitsuno.[...]

Yamata no Orochi

Yamata no Orochi

Yamata no Orochi Yamata no Orochi (ヤマタノオロチ, also 八岐大蛇 , 八俣遠呂智 or 八俣遠呂知, 大蛇) was a giant serpentine Dragon mentioned in the Shinto Mythologies in association with Susano-o. The Dragon and Susano-o can be found in old texts such as the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 The appaearance of the Dragon in[...]

Minamoto no Yorimasa

Minamoto no Yorimasa

  Period: Heian Period Occupation: Warrior / Poet / Monk Family: – Birth: 1104AD Death: 1180AD Minamoto no Yorimasa Minamoto no Yorimasa (源 頼政 was a poet and warrior living from 1104-80.12 As a buddhist monk he went by the name of Gensan-in Nyūdo2, but also was known as Genzanmi[...]

Nue

Nue

Nue Nue (鵺) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. This creature is said to dwell in the mountains taking the appearance of a creature with the head of a monkey, limbs of a tiger and tail of a viper, according to[...]

Momotarō

Momotarō

See also: List of Folktales Momotarō Momotarō (桃太郎 – Peach Boy) is a Folktale about a man with the same name, as well as a Dog, Monkey and Pheasant and their journey to the island of Onigashima to stop the Oni.1 There are many verisons of the tale (and will[...]

Be

Be

Be See also: Court Titles, Imperial Titles, Provincial Titles, Uji, Sesshō and Kampaku Be (部) was the term used for groupings of people prior to the 7th Century who has associations to the Yamato Court or lineage groups (uji). The individual people in a ‘Be’ were known as ‘bumin.’ All[...]

Heaven

Heaven

Heaven This page about Heaven serves to bring together information we have gathered relating to the various ‘Heaven’s’ from different religions in Japan. As we gather more information this page may be broken down into seperate pages. Takamagahara – Shinto Takamagahara (高天原) is the Shinto version of Heaven. Its origins[...]

Mon

Mon

Mon Mon (紋), also known as monshō (紋章)1 were in essence family crests of Japanese families. Design The crests are almost always created monochromatically1, and are stylised designs in a circle or geometric pattern.2 Origins Many of the first depictions were merely elaborate patterns dating back to the Nara and[...]

Tamatebako

Tamatebako

Tamatebako The Tamatebako (玉手箱, Jewel Hand Box) is a gift given to Urashima Tarō by Otohime Sama in the Folktale, Urashima Tarō the Fisher Lad, after he remembers his parents and wished to return to them. The box is described as being made of laquer tied with a silken cord[...]

Mino Province

Mino Province

See also: List of Provinces Mino Province Mino Province (美濃国) also known as Nōshū (濃州) was an old Province of Japan, located in what is now Gifu Prefecture. It is included as one of the eight Provinces which made up the Tōsandō Region. It is well known for its Mino[...]

Iwatsutsunome

Iwatsutsunome

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Iwatsutsunoo (brother) Iwatsutsunome Iwatsutsunome (Stone Mallet Woman?) is a Shinto Spirit, said to have come into existence from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari. This is only mentioned in one ‘alternative’ version of the Nihongi where she[...]

Privy Seal

Privy Seal

Privy Seal The Privy Seal (天皇御璽) is one of the official seals of the Imperial Family and has ‘Tenno Gyoji‘ carved onto it. The seal is used for documents such as the following: Sentences of law. Cabinet orders. Letters to authorize foreign consuls and several other type of documents. Dismissal[...]

Fujiwara no Nakamaro

Fujiwara no Nakamaro

Period: Nara Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Muchimaro (father) Fujiwara no Toyonari (brother) Fujiwara no Otomaro (brother) Fujiwara no Asukabehime (aunt) Emperor Shōmu (uncle) Birth: 706AD Death:764AD Fujiwara no Nakamarō Fujiwara no Nakamarō (藤原 仲麻呂) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Nanke Branch of this clan.[...]

Emperor Junnin

Emperor Junnin

Reign: 758-764AD Period: Nara Period Family: Burial Place: – Order of Succession: Predecessor Empress Kōken * Successor Empress Shōtoku Emperor Junnin Emperor Junnin (淳仁天皇) was the 47th Emperor of Japan, nominated for the crown by Fujiwara no Nakamarō due to his blood ties to the Emperor, Nakamarō also forced the Crown[...]

Empress Kōken

Empress Kōken

Reign: 749-758AD, 764-770AD Period: Nara Period Family: Fujiwara no Asukabehime (mother) Emperor Shōmu (father) Burial Place: – Order of Succession: 1st Reign: Predecessor Emperor Shōmu * Successor Emperor Junnin 2nd Reign: Predecessor Emperor Junnin * Successor Emperor Kōnin Empress Kōken Empress Kōken  (孝謙天皇) was the 46th Emperor of Japan, reigning from 749-758AD, returning[...]

Empress Genmei

Empress Genmei

Reign: 707-715AD Born: 661AD Died: 721AD Period: Asuka Period Family: Emperor Monmu (son) Prince Kusakabe (husband) Empress Jitō (half-sister) Emperor Tenji (father) Empress Genshō (daughter) Burial Place: – Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Monmu * Successor Empress Genshō Empress Genmei Empress Genmei (元明 天皇) was the 43rd Emperor of Japan. Known before her ascension to the throne as Princess Abe.1[...]

Toyamatsumi

Toyamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyamatsumi Toyamatsumi (戸山津見神 – Outer Mountain Majesty) is the eighth and last Shinto Mountain Spirit born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned by[...]

Harayamatsumi

Harayamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Toyamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi Harayamatsumi (原山津見神 – Mountain Field Majesty) is the sixth of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned[...]

Hayamatsumi

Hayamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyomatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi Hayamatsumi (羽山津見神 – Mountain Foot Majesty) is the sixth of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned[...]

Shigiyamatsumi

Shigiyamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyomatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi Shigiyamatsumi (志藝山津見神 – Mountain Forest Majesty) is the fifth of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned[...]

Kurayamatsumi

Kurayamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyomatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi Kurayamatsumi (闇山津見神 – Mountain Gorge Majesty) is the fourth of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned[...]

Okuyamatsumi

Okuyamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyomatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi Okuyamatsumi (奥山津見神 – Inner Mountain Majesty) is the third of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned[...]

Odoyamatsumi

Odoyamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Masakayamatsu (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyomatsumi (sibling) Odoyamatsumi Odoyamatsumi (淤縢山津見神 – Younger Mountain Majesty) is the second of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned[...]

Masakayamatsumi

Masakayamatsumi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Mountains Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Odoyamatsumi (sibling) Okuyamatsumi (sibling) Kurayamatsumi (sibling) Shigiyamatsumi (sibling) Hayamatsumi (sibling) Harayamatsumi (sibling) Toyamatsumi (sibling) Masakayamatsumi Masakayamatsumi (正鹿山津見神 – True Mountain Majesty) is the first of eight Shinto Mountain Spirits born from the body of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari, owned by[...]

Kuramitsuha

Kuramitsuha

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Ravines Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Kuraokami (sibling) Kuramitsuha Kuramitsuha (闇御津羽神 – Ravine Water Rushing) is a Shinto Spirit and the last of two Ravine Spirits born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon the swords hilt[...]

Kuraokami

Kuraokami

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Ravines Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Kuramitsuha (brother) Kuraokami Kuraokami (闇淤加美神 – Ravine Rain Serpent) is a Shinto Spirit and the first of two Ravine Spirits born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon the swords[...]

Takemikazuchinoo

Takemikazuchinoo

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Lightning Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Hihayahi (brother) Mikahayahi (brother) Takemikazuchinoo Takemikazuchinoo (建御雷之男神 – Brave Mighty Thunderbolt Man) is a Shinto Kami and the last of three Lightning Kami born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught[...]

Hihayahi

Hihayahi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Lightning Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Mikahayahi (brother) Takemikazuchinoo (brother) Hihayahi Hihayahi (樋速日神 – Blazing Stormer) is a Shinto kami and the second of three Lightning kami born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon[...]

Mikahayahi

Mikahayahi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Lightning Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Hihayahi (brother) Takemikazuchinoo (brother) Mikahayahi Mikahayahi (甕速日神 – Stern Stormer) is a Shinto kami and the first of three Lightning kami born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon[...]

Iwatsutsunoo

Iwatsutsunoo

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Nesaku (brother) Iwasaku (brother) Iwatsutsunoo Iwatsutsunoo (石筒之男神 – Stone Mallet Man) is a Shinto Spirit and the last of three Spirits born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon the swords[...]

Nesaku

Nesaku

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Iwasaku (brother) Iwatsutsunoo (brother) Nesaku Nesaku (根折神 – Root Splitter) is a Shinto Spirit and the second of three Spirits born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon the swords tip[...]

Iwasaku

Iwasaku

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Nesaku (brother) Iwatsutsunoo (brother) Iwasaku Iwasaku (石折神 – Boulder Splitter) is a Shinto kami and the first of three kami born from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari owned by Izanagi. The blood, caught upon the swords tip[...]

Itsunoohabari

Itsunoohabari

Itsunoohabari Itsunoohabari (伊都之尾羽張 – Stern Sweeping Blade) also Amenoohabari (天之尾羽張神 – Sweeping blade of Heaven) is the ‘ten span sword’ owned by the Shinto kami Izanagi. He uses the blade to behead his child Kagutsuchi, after he caused the death of his mother Izanami during child birth by burning her. The[...]

Kagutsuchi

Kagutsuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Fire, Volcanoes, Slash and Burn Agriculture Family: Izanagi (father) Izanami (mother) Haniyamahime (wife) Children (numerous, see below) Kagutsuchi Kagutsuchi (Flame Elder – 軻遇突智) is the kami of Fire in Shinto Mythology. He is also known as Hinoyagihayao (Swift Burning Flame Man), Hinokagabiko (Blazing Flame Lad), Hinokagutsuchi[...]

Jorōgumo

Jorōgumo

Jorōgumo The Jorōgumo (絡新婦) (Spider Bride) is a type of Yōkai. Toriyama Sekien depicts this Yōkai in the Gazu Hyakki Yagyō giving it the alternative name of a ‘Harlot-Spider’. Sekien depicts the creature perched atop a cherry tree in bloom (therefore depicting Spring), but with orb-weaver Spiders (who exist in[...]

The Shinansha Artefact

The Shinansha Artefact

The Shinansha Artefact The Shinansha Artefact is a kind of compass created by Emperor Kotei in the Folktale The Shinansha. However, instead of pointing North, it points South. It takes the form of a carriage with the figure of a man inside always facing south. No matter which way you[...]

Emperor Kotei

Emperor Kotei

Period: Legenedery Period Family: Emperor Yuhi (father) Emperor Kotei Emperor Kotei is said to have been the son of Emperor Yuhi, and is mentioned in the Folktale The Shinansha. He ascends as Emperor after his father, quickly becoming troubled by the rebel Shiyu who wished to take his throne. And[...]

Shiyu

Shiyu

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Magician. Bandit. Shiyu Shiyu is noted to have been a rebel in the Folktale The Shinansha. He is said to have had been a wicked magician with a head made of iron, and that no man could ever defeat him. In the tale, he wishes to[...]

The Shinansha

The Shinansha

See also: List of Folktales See also: The Shinansha (Artefact) The Shinansha The Shinansha, also known as The South Pointing Carriage is a Japanese Folktale relating to China. Synopsis One day the mother of Emperor Kotei was out walking, looking at the North Star vivid flashes of lightning came from[...]

Empress Suiko

Empress Suiko

Reign: 593-628AD Period: Asuka Period Family: Emperor Bidatsu (husband) Emperor Kinmei (father) Emperor Yōmei (brother) Soga no Umako (uncle) Shōtoku Taisha (nephew) Burial Place: – Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Sushun * Successor Emperor Jomei Empress Suiko Empress Suiko (推古天皇) was the thirty-third Emperor of Japan1, younger sister to Emperor[...]

Otohime Sama

Otohime Sama

Family: Ryūjin (father) Urashima Tarō (husband) Otohime Sama Otohime Sama (乙姫) was the daughter and Princess of Ryūjin noted in the Folktale Urashima Taro the Fisher Lad. She is described as having lovely black hair fashioned in the style of hundreds of years ago, her voice was like music over[...]

Urashima Tarō

Urashima Tarō

Occupation: Fisherman Family: Otohime Sama (wife) Urashima Tarō Urashima Tarō (浦島 太郎) is known from the Folktale Urashima Taro the Fisher Lad. Origins The earliest versions of this Folktale appear in the Tango Fudoki where the character of Urashima is given the name Shima no Ko.1 Folktales Synopsis Urashima was[...]

Emperor Richū

Emperor Richū

Reign: 400-406AD Period: Kofun Period Family: Emperor Hanzei (brother) Emperor Kenzo (grand-son) Emperor Ninken (grandson) Oshinumi (granddaughter) Burial Place: – Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Nintoku  * Successor Emperor Hanzei Emperor Richū Emperor Richū (履中天皇) is the seventeenth Emperor of Japan, claiming the throne after a dispute with a rival[...]

Tamanooya

Tamanooya

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: – Tamanooya Tamanooya (Jewel Ancestor1) is a Shinto Spirit. She is mentioned in the Kojiki during the time when Amaterasu hides in the Sacred Rock Cave. She is tasked with making a string of jewels (magatama) to aide in convincing the Sun Goddess to leave[...]

Atsuta Shrine

Atsuta Shrine

Co-ordinates: Region: Chūbu Region Prefecture: Aichi Prefecture Founded: Affiliation: Shinto Atsuta Shrine The Atsuta Shrine (熱田神宮) is a Shinto Shrine located in Nagoya. The Shrine is credited as being the home of the Sacred Sword Kusanagi.1 Footnotes 1. Martin, P. (1997) ”The Chrysanthemum Throne”. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited.[...]

Sagami Province

Sagami Province

See also: List of Provinces Sagami Province Sagami Province (相模国) was an old Province in Japan, situated in what is now Kanagawa Prefecture, established during the Taika Reforms in 645.4 This area is called Sagami in the Kojiki1, but Suruga in the Nihongi2. Legendary Period Yamato Takeru travelled through here[...]

Owari Province

Owari Province

See also: List of Provinces Owari Province Owari Province (尾張国) was once a Province of Japan, located in what is now Aichi Prefecture. Created in 646 under the Kokugun System3, it is one of the 15 Provinces traversed by the Tokaido Road.13 This Province is also known as Bishū (尾州).3[...]

Kyushu

Kyushu

Co-ordinates: 33°N 131°E Prefectures: Fukuoka Prefecture, Kagoshima Prefecture, Kumamoto Prefecture, Miyazaki Prefecture, Nagasaki Prefecture, Oita Prefecture, Okinawa Prefecture, Saga Prefecture Kyushu Kyushu (九州, Nine Provinces) also called Tsukushi (筑紫島, Lands End) in the Kojiki and Nihongi is one of the four main islands of Japan, the islands older name of[...]

Yamato Takeru

Yamato Takeru

Period: Legendery Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Keiko (father), Emperor Seimu (brother), Yamato Hime (aunt), Miyazu Hime (wife) Yamato Takeru Yamato Takeru (小碓命, Prince Ōsu) (The Brave of Yamato) is known to have been the second son of Emperor Keiko, said at the age of 16 to have torn apart[...]

Emperor Suinin

Emperor Suinin

Reign: 29BC-71AD Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Sujin (father), Emperor Keiko (son) Empress Hibasuhime (wife) Yamatohiko (half-brother) Burial place: – Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Sujin * Successor Emperor Keiko Emperor Suinin Emperor Suinin (垂仁天皇) was the eleventh Emperor of Japan, being the third child of Emperor Sujin1 ruling at[...]

Kojiki

Kojiki

Kojiki The Kojiki (古事記 – Records of Ancient Matters or An Account of Ancient Matters) is one of the earliest Japanese Chronicles we have from Japan. Creation and Authorship In AD682 the Emperor Tenmu commissioned his Princes and High Officials to prepare: a history of the Emperor’s and of matters[...]

Onogoroshima

Onogoroshima

Onogoroshima Onogoroshima (淤能碁呂島) is the island formed by both Izanami and Izanagi using the Jewelled Spear of Heaven whilst standing upon the Floating Bridge of Heaven. The island formed after they used the Spear to churn up the ocean below, the salt which fell from the Spear piling up to[...]

Emperor Jimmu

Emperor Jimmu

Reign: 660-584BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Suizei (son) Burial Place: Near Mount Unebi. Order of Succession: Predecessor N/A  * Successor Emperor Suizei Emperor Jimmu Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇) was the first legendary Emperor of Japan, dated in the Nihongi to have begun his rule on 11th February 660BC in Kashihara,[...]

Fujiwara Clan

Fujiwara Clan

First Ruler: Fujiwara no Kamatari Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – Parent House: Nakatomi Clan For a full list of Japanese Clans see: Clans. Fujiwara Clan The Fujiwara Clan (藤原氏) is a descendant of the Nakatomi Clan and came into existence after Nakatomi no Kamatari had his family name changed by[...]

Kujiki

Kujiki

Kujiki The Kujiki (旧事紀) also known as the Kuijiki (English: Chronicles of Old Matters of Former Ages) is one of the earliest literary chronicles still in existence from Japan compiled in AD620. The text was entrusted to the Soga Clan. However when the house fell in AD645 a large part[...]

Sacred Regalia

Sacred Regalia

Sacred Regalia The Sacred Regalia (三種の神器) are the three Sacred Items of the Imperial Throne, consisting of the Sword Kusanagi (草薙劍), the Jewel Yasakani no Magatama (八尺瓊勾玉) and the Mirror Yata no Kagami (八咫鏡). The Sacred Regalia is known to have been given by Amaterasu to her grandson Ninigi upon[...]

Izanagi

Izanagi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Japan Family: Izanami (sister/wife) Awokashikine (mother) Aha Nagi (father) Children (numerous – see below) Izanagi Izanagi (伊邪那岐 or 伊弉諾, He Who Beckons2) was the brother and husband of Izanami, born as the 7th Generation of kami. Through sexual congress, the two of them gave birth to[...]

Jewelled Spear of Heaven

Jewelled Spear of Heaven

The Jewelled Spear of Heaven and the Mighty Pillar of Heaven are two items mentioned in the Kojiki, Kujiki and Nihongi. The Jewelled Spear of Heaven The Spear (Amenonuhoko, 天沼矛 or 天之瓊矛 or 天瓊戈) is noted to have been used by Izanami and Izanagi. Using it they churned up the[...]

Susano-o

Susano-o

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Yomi Family: Amaterasu (sister) Tsukiyomi (brother) Ōkuninushi (son) Takiribime (daughter) Ichikishimahime (daughter) Takitsuhime (daughter) Ōkuninushi (descendant) Numerous other decendants Susano-o Susano-o (須佐之男), also called Hayasusano-o2, is known to be the father of Ōkuninushi and brother to the Sun Amaterasu and Moon Tsukiyomi. He rules over Yomi[...]

Shinto

Shinto

Shinto Shinto (神道) is one of the main relgions of Japan and is native to the country. Founding Mythology Founding Deities See also: List of Shinto Kami. The original three kami of Shinto which appeared when Heaven and Earth formed, as related in the Kojiki were known as follows:1 Amenominakanushi[...]

Ninigi

Ninigi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Amaterasu (grand-mother) Susano-o (great-uncle) Emperor Jimmu (grand-son) Ninigi Ninigi (瓊瓊杵尊) is stated to have been the grandson of Amaterasu the Sun-goddesses who was attended by a myriad of other deities, including his principle lieutenants who would become the ancestors of many Japanese clans. Upon[...]

Nihongi

Nihongi

Nihongi The Nihongi (日本紀 – Japanese Chronicles) also called the Nihon Shoki (日本書紀 – The Chronicles of Japan) is one of the oldest documents we have concerning early and mythological Japanese history. Creation and Sources The document was completed in AD72012, however, its inception may have begun in AD714 when[...]

Izanami

Izanami

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Japan Family: Izanagi (brother/husband) Awokashikine (mother) Numerous children (see below) Izanami Izanami (伊弉冉尊 or 伊邪那美命, She Who Beckons2) was the sister and wife of Izanagi, born as the 7th Generation of kami. Through sexual congress, the two of them gave birth to Japan, the seas, mountains,[...]

Ameno Uzume

Ameno Uzume

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Sarume Clan Ameno Uzume Ameno Uzume (天宇受売命, 天鈿女命) is known to be the ancestor of the Sarume Clan.2 She is mentioned in the Nihongi and Kojiki during the time when Amaterasu hides herself in the Sacred Rock Cave becuase of the actions of her brother[...]

Amaterasu

Amaterasu

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: The Sun Family: Izanami? (mother) Susano-o (brother) Tsukiyomi (brother) Ninigi (grand-son) Ōkuninushi (nephew) Amenooshihomimi (son) Amenohohi (son) Amatsuhikone (son) Ikutsuhikone (son) Kumanokusubi (son) Amaterasu Amaterasu (天照 – Heaven Shining) also known as Ōhirume-no-muchi-no-kami (大日孁貴神) is the Sun-Goddesses deity of Shinto, born in some accounts from the[...]

Ameno Koyane

Ameno Koyane

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Kogotomusuhi (father) Nakatomi Clan Ameno Koyane Ameno Koyane (天児屋命, 天児屋根命) is a Shinto deity mentioned in both the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 This Spirit is claimed as the ancestor to the Nakatomi Clan1, with the Nihongi listing this Spirits father as Kogotomusuhi.2 We see them[...]

Ameno Futodama

Ameno Futodama

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Imbe Clan Ameno Futodama Ameno Futodama (布刀玉, 太玉 or 天太玉) is a Shinto deity mentioned in both the Kojiki and Nihongi.12 The Gleanings of Ancient Words1 as well as the Nihongi2 list Futodama as the ancestress of the Imbe Clan. The Engi Shiki lists[...]