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Wakan rōeishū

Wakan rōeishū

Wakan rōeishū The Wakan rōeishū (和漢朗詠集, Collection of Japanese and Chinese Poems for Singing) is a compilation of Chinese and Japanese poetry. This piece was solely edited by Fujiwara no Kintō,1 containing 216 Japanese poems and 587 Chinese couplets,23 compiled around 1013.2 The book was seperated into two books, one[...]

Dōmeki

Dōmeki

Dōmeki The Dōmeki (百目鬼) is a type of japanese Yōkai known to have had one hundred eyes on each arm. Fujiwara Hidesato is said to have fought against this creature. This particular creature may have inspired Toriyama Sekien‘s Dodomeki.1 Footnotes 1. Yoda, H. and Alt, M. (2016) “Japandemonium: Illustrated: The[...]

Hinode

Hinode

Hinode Hinode (日の出 – Sunrise) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. This is not strictly a yōkai but is instead the act of the sun rising every day. Sekien notes that the night time is when the horde will run wild, but[...]

Amanozako

Amanozako

Amanozako Amanozako (天逆毎 – Heaven Opposes All) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. She was born from Susano-o after his chest filled with rage and he expelled it. And she herself had a child through virgin birth called Amanosaku. Her appearance[...]

Kanedama

Kanedama

Kanedama Kanedama (金霊 – Gold Spirit) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. Sekien notes it is the essence of the metal element and that “[austere people] can sense gold and silver in the night.” He depicts the creature as gold koban[...]

Momonjii

Momonjii

Momonjii Momonjii (百々爺 – Old Man Momo) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. Sekien muses that the creation of its name was from the combination of two other yōkai. The Nobusama, which is also known as momonga, and the Gagoji. When a[...]

Ōkubi

Ōkubi

Ōkubi Ōkubi (大首 – Giant Head) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien.  It is a giant head, with Sekien noting that anything in excess is scary, including the head of a woman with a caked black mouth. This creature may also[...]

Ōkaburo

Ōkaburo

Ōkaburo Ōkaburo (大禿 – Great Kaburo) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien.  Annotations alongside the Yōkai says that there was an immortal called Hōso who was some 700 years old and who called himself Yū-Jidō (Chrysanthemum Boy). Is this then what[...]

Tenjō-Kudari

Tenjō-Kudari

Tenjō-Kudari Tenjō-Kudari (天井下 – Ceiling Dropper) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. He states that this creature, who drops from the ceiling is no beauty. Extra notations alongside this creature talk of another creature who broke through a roof; this being[...]

Gaikotsu

Gaikotsu

Gaikotsu Gaikotsu (骸骨) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien. He is a skeletal being, with Sekien depicting him coming out of some form of pot. Sekien includes annotations alongside the creature mentioning a poem by Keiun which reads: “Look within! What[...]

Buruburu

Buruburu

Buruburu Buruburu (震々) is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Toriyama Sekien, with Sekien depicting the creature rising from a hole in the ground caused by a purposely up-rooted tree. Notes by Sekien alongside this creature say it is also known as Zozo-gami, the God[...]

Nakatomi no Omimaro

Nakatomi no Omimaro

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: Head of the National Shrines of Ise. Family: Nakatomi no Kamatari Birth: – Death: 711AD Nakatomi no Omimaro Nakatomi no Omimaro (中臣 意美麻呂) was a member of the Nakatomi Clan and nephew to Nakatomi no Kamatari. He died in 711AD. When his uncle founded the Fujiwara Clan,[...]

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Norimichi)

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Norimichi)

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Norimichi (father) Emperor Go-Reizei (husband) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Kenshi Fujiwara no Kenshi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan, and daughter to Fujiwara no Norimichi. She would marry Emperor Go-Reizei.1 Footnotes 1.[...]

Fujiwara no Takamitsu

Fujiwara no Takamitsu

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Writer, Monk Family: Fujiwara no Morosuke (father) Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (brother) Fujiwara no Koretada (brother) Fujiwara no Kanemichi (brother) Fujiwara no Kaneie (brother) Fujiwara no Kinsue (brother) Birth: – Death: 944AD Fujiwara no Takamitsu Fujiwara no Takamitsu (藤原 高光) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more[...]

Fujiwara no Takaie

Fujiwara no Takaie

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Governor Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (sister) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Norimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Yorimichi (brother) Birth: 974AD Death: 1044AD Fujiwara no Takaie Fujiwara no Takaie (藤原 隆家) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more[...]

Fujiwara no Otomuro

Fujiwara no Otomuro

Period: Nara Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Yoshitsugu (father) Emperor Kanmu (husband) Birth: 760AD Death: 790AD Fujiwara no Otomuro Fujiwara no Otomuro (藤原 乙牟漏) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Shikike Branch of this clan, living from 760-790. She was the daughter of Fujiwara no Yoshitsugu[...]

Awa

Awa

Awa Awa. We are a wiki as well as a Blog and podcast site which is constantly and steadily growing. Bringing to you all aspects of Japanese history. It is going to be a project which will expand continuously over the coming years. And we hope you stick with us[...]

Fujiwara no Oguromaro

Fujiwara no Oguromaro

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Commander of Imperial Army, dainagon Family: Fujiwara no Fusasaki (grand-father) Birth: 733AD Death: 794AD Fujiwara no Oguromaro Fujiwara no Oguromaro (藤原 小黒麻呂) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He lived from 733-794, was the son of Fujiwara no Fusasaki[...]

Fujiwara no Tadamichi

Fujiwara no Tadamichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: sesshō, kampaku, dajō daijin Family: Fujiwara no Tadazane (father) Fujiwara no Motozane (son) Fujiwara no Motofusa (son) Fujiwara no Kanezane (son) Fujiwara no Kanefusa (son) Jien (son) Fujiwara no Masako (daughter) Fujiwara no Ikushi (adopted daughter) Fujiwara no Teishi (adopted daughter) Birth: 1097AD Death: 1164AD Fujiwara no[...]

Fujiwara no Tadazane

Fujiwara no Tadazane

Period: Heian Period Occupation: sesshō, kampaku Family: Fujiwara no Moromichi (father) Fujiwara no Tadamichi (son) Birth: 1078AD Death: 1162AD Fujiwara no Tadazane Fujiwara no Tadazane (藤原 忠実) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He was also known as Fukedono. He lived from 1078-1162[...]

Fujiwara no Moromichi

Fujiwara no Moromichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: kampaku Family: Fujiwara no Morozane (father) Fujiwara no Tadazane (son) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Birth: 1062AD Death: 1099AD Fujiwara no Moromichi Fujiwara no Moromichi (藤原 師通) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. Living from 1062-1099AD he was the son[...]

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Morozane)

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Morozane)

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Morozane (father) Fujiwara no Moromichi (brother) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Kenshi Fujiwara no Kenshi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. She was the daughter of Fujiwara no Morozane and would go on to[...]

Fujiwara no Morozane

Fujiwara no Morozane

Period: Heian Period Occupation: sesshō, kampaku, dajō daijin Family: Fujiwara no Yorimichi (father) Fujiwara no Kenshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Moromichi (son) Birth: 1042AD Death: 1101AD Fujiwara no Morozane Fujiwara no Morozane (藤原 師実) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He was also known[...]

Priest Genbō

Priest Genbō

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Buddhist Monk, sōjō Family: – Birth: – Death: 746AD Priest Genbō Priest Genbō (玄昉) was a Buddhist Priest and court official known to have died on 746AD. In 717 he was sent to China alongside Abe no Nakamaro and Kibi no Makibi where he studied the[...]

Kibi no Makibi

Kibi no Makibi

Period: Asuka Period, Nara Period Occupation: Scholar, udajin Family: – Birth: 695AD Death:775AD Kibi no Makibi Kibi no Makibi (吉備 朝臣 真備) was a scholar, born into a powerful family in the Kibi Region, who lived from 695-775AD. In his lifetime he was well versed in confucian classics, as well[...]

Abe no Nakamaro

Abe no Nakamaro

Period: Asuka Period, Nara Period Occupation: Poet Family: – Birth: 698AD1 701AD3 Death:770AD Abe no Nakamaro Abe no Nakamaro (阿倍 仲麻呂) was a member of the Abe Clan living from 698-770AD.1 He is known to have been born in Abe, Nara Prefecture.2 During his lifetime he was both a poet[...]

Abe no Hirafu

Abe no Hirafu

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: General, Governor Family: – Birth: c.575AD Death: 664AD Abe no Hirafu Abe no Hirafu (阿倍 比羅夫) was a member of the Abe Clan who lived during the mid 7th century.1 Louis Frederick gives the period of his life from c.575-664.2 For a part of his life he was[...]

Abe no Munetō

Abe no Munetō

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Abe no Yoritoki (father) Abe no Sadatō (brother) Birth: – Death: – Abe no Munetō Abe no Munetō (安倍 宗任) was a member of the Abe Clan who lived sometime in the mid 11th century. He was the son of Abe no Yoritoki and[...]

Abe no Yoritoki

Abe no Yoritoki

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Abe no Sadatō (son) Abe no Munetō (son) Birth: – Death: 1057AD Abe no Yoritoki Abe no Yoritoki (安倍 頼時) was a member of the Abe Clan who died in 1057AD. Living in Mutsu Province he was the father of Abe no Sadatō and Abe[...]

Abe no Sadatō

Abe no Sadatō

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Abe no Yoritoki (father) Abe no Munetō (brother) Birth: 1019AD Death: 1062AD Abe no Sadatō Abe no Sadatō (安倍 貞任) was a member of the Abe Clan living from 1019-1062AD. Like his father Abe no Yoritoki, he was from Mutsu Province. He fought alongside[...]

Abe no Seimei

Abe no Seimei

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Astrologer Family: – Birth: 921AD Death:1005AD Abe no Seimei Abe no Seimei (安倍 晴明) was a member of the Abe Clan living from 921-1005AD. He was an astrologer and was in the court of Emperor Ichijō. He was a part of the onmyōdō and became famous[...]

Abe no Manao

Abe no Manao

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Physician Family: – Birth: – Death: – Abe no Manao Abe no Manao was a member of the Abe Clan. He was a physician, who alongside Izumo Hirosada, compiled the first medical treatise in japan called the daidō ruijūhō (c.808-811).1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by[...]

Abe no Kurahashimaro

Abe no Kurahashimaro

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: sadaijin Family: – Birth: – Death:- Abe no Kurahashimaro Abe no Kurahashimaro was a member of the Abe Clan known to have been posted as sadaijin in 645. It is probable that he was one of the promoters of the Taika Reforms.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic,[...]

Sesshō and Kampaku

Sesshō and Kampaku

Sesshō and Kampaku See also: Court Titles, Imperial Titles, Provincial Titles, Be, Uji The Sesshō and Kampaku were high ranking titles connected to the Imperial Throne. The Sesshō (摂政) was a title bestowed on those who would be a regent for a child emperor, with Kampaku (関白) being for regents[...]

Man’yōshū

Man’yōshū

Man’yōshū The Man’yōshū (万葉集) is an important literary collection of Japanese poetry. Surviving Examples The oldest surviving example of this document is known as the katsura-bon (桂本) which dates to the mid-Heian period.1 Compilation It is generally unknown how the entire piece was compiled, though the Japanese at this time[...]

Kasa no Iratsume

Kasa no Iratsume

Period: – Occupation: Poet Family: – Birth: – Death:- Kasa no Iratsume Kasa no Iratsume (笠 女郎 – Maid of Kasa) was a known female poet who has several poems attributed to her. She is known to have been a member of the Yakamochi Poetic Circle.1 Footnotes 1. Miller, R.[...]

Kasa Kanamura

Kasa Kanamura

Period: Nara Period Occupation: Poet, Ason Family: – Birth: – Death:- Kasa Kanamura Kasa Kanamura (笠 [朝臣] 金村) is a known poet who had several poems in the Man’yōshū. He is known to have been active fl.715-733 and his poetry has been ranked as that of the same class as[...]

Hōjōki

Hōjōki

Hōjōki The Hōjōki (方丈記) is a piece of Japanese literature. Inside the piece we find allusions to the second poem of Priest Manzei, where it states: ‘on mornings when I feel myself short-lived as the white wake building behind a boat, I go to the banks of the river and, gazing[...]

Tōkan Kikō

Tōkan Kikō

Tōkan Kikō The Tōkan Kikō (東関紀行) is a piece of Japanese literature. It dates to around 1242 and in it we find mention of Priest Manzei. The book looks at one of his poems and uses the art of honkadori on it stating that Manzei wrote his poem whilst standing[...]

Buddhist Titles

Buddhist Titles

Buddhist Titles This page serves to list all different job titles associated with the Buddhist faith. We will continue to update as we add to the site. Sami Sami (沙弥) was a title meaning ‘Cleric of Minor Orders.’ This title was given to people by themselves. Until the arrival of[...]

Kasa Maro

Kasa Maro

Kasa Maro Kasa Maro. We are a wiki as well as a Blog and podcast site which is constantly and steadily growing. Bringing to you all aspects of Japanese history. It is going to be a project which will expand continuously over the coming years. And we hope you stick[...]

Priest Manzei

Priest Manzei

See also: Priest Manzei Poems Period: Nara Period Occupation: Governor of Mino, General of Owari, Mikawa and Shinano, Udaiben, Buddhist Monk (sami), bettō, Poet Family: – Birth: – Death:- Priest Manzei Priest Manzei (満誓 沙弥 – He Who Fulfills the Vow/Compleat Votary) was the religous name of Kasa Maro (笠[朝臣][...]

Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Fujiwara no Yorimichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: sesshō, kampaku Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (sister) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Norimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Morozane (son) 2 daughters Birth: 992AD Death: 1074AD Fujiwara no Yorimichi Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原 頼通) was a member of the Fujiwara[...]

Okibi no Morosumi

Okibi no Morosumi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Kōan (father) Oshihime (mother) Emperor Kōrei (brother) Birth: – Death: – Okibi no Morosumi Okibi no Morosumi (大吉備諸進命) was the son of Emperor Kōan and Oshihime. He was also brother to the future Emperor Kōrei.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt. (2014)[...]

Oshihime

Oshihime

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Empress Family: Ameoshitarashihiko (father) Emperor Kōan (husband) Ōkibi no Morosumi (son) Emperor Kōrei (son) Birth: – Death: – Oshihime Oshihime (押媛) was the wife of Emperor Kōan and daughter to Ameoshitarashihiko.1 Together they had two sons, the future Emperor Kōrei and Ōkibi no Morosumi.2 She was[...]

Emperor Kōan

Emperor Kōan

Reign: 392-291 Born: 427/428BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Kōshō (father) Yosotarashi Hime (mother) Oshihime (wife) Ōkibi no Morosumi (son) Emperor Kōrei (son) Ameoshitarashihiko (brother) Burial place: misasagi at Tamade Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Kōshō  * Successor Emperor Kōrei Emperor Kōan Emperor Kōan (孝安 天皇) was the 6th Emperor of[...]

Okitsuyoso

Okitsuyoso

Period: Legendery Period Occupation: – Family: Amenooshio (father?) Yosotarashi Hime (sister) Birth: – Death: – Okitsuyoso Okitsuyoso is mentioned in the Kojiki as the older brother of Yosotarashi Hime. He is said to be the ancestor of the Wohari no Muraji.1 His father is presumably Amenooshio as he is listed[...]

Yosotarashi Hime

Yosotarashi Hime

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Empress Family: Emperor Kōshō (husband) Emperor Kōan (son) Ameoshitarashihiko (son) Amenooshio (father) Okitsuyoso (brother) Birth: – Death: – Yosotarashi Hime Yosotarashi Hime (世襲足媛) was the wife of Emperor Kōshō and together the two of them had two sons; Emperor Kōan and Ameoshitarashihiko.12 She is said to have[...]

Ameoshitarashihiko

Ameoshitarashihiko

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Kōshō (father) Yosotarashi hime (mother) Emperor Kōan (brother) Oshihime (daughter) Birth: – Death: – Ameoshitarashihiko Ameoshitarashihiko was the son of Emperor Kōshō and Yosotarashi hime.12 He is also known by the name of Ametarashihiko Kunioshihito (天足彦国押人命).3 He is said to have been the[...]

Emperor Kōshō

Emperor Kōshō

Reign: 475-393BC Born: 507/508BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Itoku (father) Amatoyotsuhime (mother) Yosotarashi hime (wife) Emperor Kōan (son) Ameoshitarashihiko (son) Takeshihiko (brother) Burial place: misasagi on Hakatayama in Waki no Kami Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Itoku  * Successor Emperor Kōan Emperor Kōshō Emperor Kōshō (孝昭 天皇) was the fifth[...]

Fujiwara no Toshiie

Fujiwara no Toshiie

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (grandfather) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Toshiie Fujiwara no Toshiie (藤原 俊家)  was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. We know that he was the father to the poet Fujiwara no Mototoshi.1 Footnotes[...]

Fujiwara no Norimichi

Fujiwara no Norimichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: kampaku, dajō daijin Family: Fujiwara no Michinaga (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (sister) Fujiwara no Kenshi (sister) Fujiwara no Ishi (sister) Fujiwara no Yorimichi (brother) Fujiwara no Kenshi (daughter) 1 other daughter Birth: 996AD Death: 1075AD Fujiwara no Norimichi Fujiwara no Norimichi (藤原 教通) was a member[...]

Fujiwara no Michinaga

Fujiwara no Michinaga

Period: Heian Period Occupation: udajin, nairan, dajō daijin, sesshō Family: Fujiwara no Kaneie (father) Fujiwara no Shōshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Kenshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Ishi (daughter) Fujiwara no Norimichi (son) Fujiwara no Yorimichi (son) Fujiwara no Takaie (son) Fujiwara no Michitaka (brother) Fujiwara no Michikane (brother) Fujiwara no Michitsuna (brother)[...]

Tango Province

Tango Province

See also: Provinces Tango Province Tango Province (丹後国) was one of the many provinces in Japan. It is now included with Kyoto Prefecture. The Tango Fudoki, a provincial record, was written concerning this province.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press. Check[...]

Takeshihiko

Takeshihiko

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Itoku (father) Amatoyotsuhime (mother) Emperor Kōshō (brother) Birth: – Death: – Takeshihiko Takeshihiko (武石彦奇友背命) was a son of Emperor Itoku and Amatoyotsuhime.1 He is listed as the ancestor of the Lords of Chinu, Lords of Take in Tajima and the District Heads of Ashii.2[...]

Amatoyotsuhime

Amatoyotsuhime

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Empress Family: Emperor Itoku (husband) Emperor Kōshō (son) Takeshihiko (son) Ikishimimi (father) Birth: – Death: – Amatoyotsuhime Amatoyotsuhime (天豊津媛命) was the wife of Emperor Itoku and together they would have the future Emperor Kōshō.12 The Kojiki includes another son by her and Itoku by the name of[...]

Emperor Itoku

Emperor Itoku

Reign: 510-477BC Born: 554/553BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Amatoyotsuhime (wife) Emperor Kōshō (son) Takeshihiko (son) Burial place: misasagi on Mount Unebi Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Annei  * Successor Emperor Kōshō Emperor Itoku Emperor Itoku (懿徳 天皇) was the fourth Emperor of Japan also known as[...]

Fujiwara no Yasuhira

Fujiwara no Yasuhira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Hidehira (father) Birth: – Death: 1189AD Fujiwara no Yasuhira Fujiwara no Yasuhira (藤原 泰衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. His head was found under the main alter of Konjiki-dō at Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi. The body was found alongside his father Hidehira, grand-father[...]

Fujiwara no Kiyohira

Fujiwara no Kiyohira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Motohira (son) Birth: 1056AD Death: 1128AD Fujiwara no Kiyohira Fujiwara no Kiyohira (藤原 清衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 1056-1128AD. His body was found under the main alter of Konjiki-dō at Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi. The body was found alongside his[...]

Fujiwara no Motohira

Fujiwara no Motohira

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Hidehira (son)  Fujiwara no Kiyohira (father) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Motohira Fujiwara no Motohira (藤原 基衡) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. His body was found under the main alter of Konjiki-dō at Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi. The body was found[...]

Ohoyamatokuniare

Ohoyamatokuniare

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: – Family: Wachitsumi (father) Haheirode (sister) Birth: – Death: – Ohoyamatokuniare Ohoyamatokuniare (倭国香媛) is said to have been the daughter of Wachitsumi and sister of Haheirode. This is related in the Kojiki.1 Footnotes 1. Chamberlain, B. H. (1932) “Translation of the Kojiki.” Kobe: J.L. Thompson &[...]

Haheirode

Haheirode

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: – Family: Wachitsumi (father) Ohoyamatokuniare (sister) Birth: – Death: – Haheirode Haheirode (絙某弟) is said to have been the daughter of Wachitsumi and sister of Ohoyamatokuniare. This is related in the Kojiki.1 Footnotes 1. Chamberlain, B. H. (1932) “Translation of the Kojiki.” Kobe: J.L. Thompson & Co.[...]

Wachitsumi

Wachitsumi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: – Family: Shikitsuhiko (father) Unknown Name (brother) Haheirode (daughter) Ohoyamatokuniare (daughter) Birth: – Death: – Wachitsumi Wachitsumi is a man mentioned in the Kojiki as a son of the Prince Shikitsuhiko (brother to Emperor Annei). He is said to have had two daughters, these being Haheirode and[...]

Shikitsuhiko

Shikitsuhiko

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Emperor Itoku (brother) Tokotsuhikoirone (brother) Birth: – Death: – Shikitsuhiko Shikitsuhiko was a son of Emperor Annei and Nunasoko Nakatsuhime. This is related in the Kojiki as well as an alternative version of the Nihongi.12 The main narrative of[...]

Tokotsuhikoirone

Tokotsuhikoirone

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Emperor Itoku (brother) Shikitsuhiko (brother) Birth: – Death: – Tokotsuhikoirone Tokotsuhikoirone was a son of Emperor Annei and Nunasoko Nakatsuhime. This is related in the Kojiki as well as an alternative version of the Nihongi.12 The main narrative[...]

Ikishimimi

Ikishimimi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Amatoyotsuhime (daughter) Birth: – Death: – Ikishimimi Ikishimimi is a possible son of Emperor Annei. He is not mentioned in the Kojiki. However, he is mentioned as a son on Annei in the main text of the Nihongi,[...]

Kamo no Ōkimi

Kamo no Ōkimi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Kotoshironushi (father) Himetatara Isuzuhime (sister) Isuzuyorihime (sister) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (daughter) Kamo no Ōkimi Kamo no Ōkimi (鴨王) is said to have been the father of Nunasoko Nakatsuhime12 and a son of Kotoshironushi.2 Footnotes 1. Ponsonby, F. (1959) “The Imperial House of Japan.” Kyoto: Ponsonby[...]

Nunasoko Nakatsuhime

Nunasoko Nakatsuhime

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Empress Family: Emperor Annei (husband) Tokotsuhikoirone (son) Emperor Itoku (son) Shikitsuhiko (son) Ikishimimi? (son) Kamo no Ōkimi (father) Birth: – Death: – Nunasoko Nakatsuhime Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (渟名底仲媛命) was the wife of Emperor Annei12 and daughter of Kamo no Ōkimi.23 Together they had several sons, though the amount[...]

Emperor Annei

Emperor Annei

Reign: 548-511BC Born: 568/567BC Period: Legendery Period Family: Emperor Suizei (father) Isuzuyorihime (mother) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (wife) Tokotsuhikoirone (son) Emperor Itoku (son) Shikitsuhiko (son) Ikishimimi? (son) Burial place: misasagi on Mount Unebi Order of Succession: Predecessor Emperor Suizei  * Successor Emperor Itoku Emperor Annei Emperor Annei (安寧 天皇) was the third[...]

Misasagi

Misasagi

Misasagi Misasagi (陵) is a term for tombs (usually kofun tombs) of the Emperors and Imperial Family up until 701AD.1 The name of misasagi for Emperors are shown below. Legendary Period [2] Emperor Suizei – Tsukidaoka – 桃花鳥田丘上陵. The location of this tomb is unknown, but it is said to[...]

Kamiyawimimi

Kamiyawimimi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Jimmu (father) Emperor Suizei (brother) Tagishimimi (half-brother) Birth: – Death: – Kamiyawimimi Kamiyawimimi (神八井耳命) was a son of Emperor Jimmu, brother to Emperor Suizei and half-brother to Tagishimimi. After learning of the plot to have him and his brother killed by his brother[...]

Tagishimimi

Tagishimimi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Jimmu (father) Emperor Suizei (half-brother) Kamiyawimimi (half-brother) Birth: – Death: – Tagishimimi Tagishimimi (手研耳命) was a son of Emperor Jimmu and half brother to Emperor Suizei and Kamiyawimimi. After the death of his father he wished to see an end to his brothers, however,[...]

Isuzuyorihime

Isuzuyorihime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Kotoshironushi (father) Emperor Suizei (husband) Emperor Annei (son) Himetatara Isuzuhime (sister) Kamo no Ōkimi (brother) Isuzuyorihime Isuzuyorihime (五十鈴依媛命) is said to have been the daughter of the kami Kotoshironushi. She was the wife of Emperor Suizei and together they had Emperor Annei.1 She was appointed[...]

Yumi Be no Wakahiko

Yumi Be no Wakahiko

Yumi Be no Wakahiko Yumi Be no Wakahiko was a person mentioned during the reign of Emperor Suizei. It is said in the Nihongi that they made a bow for the Emperor as he wished to kill his brother Tagishimimi.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles of[...]

Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara

Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara

Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara was a person mentioned during the reign of Emperor Suizei. It is said in the Nihongi that they made a true-deer arrow-point for the Emperor as he wished to kill his brother Tagishimimi.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles[...]

Fujiwara no Atsutoshi

Fujiwara no Atsutoshi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Sukemasa (son) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Atsutoshi Fujiwara no Atsutoshi (藤原 敦敏) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan and father to Fujiwara no Sukemasa.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press.[...]

Fujiwara no Sukemasa

Fujiwara no Sukemasa

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Caligrapher Family: Fujiwara no Atsutoshi (father) Birth: 944AD Death: 998AD Fujiwara no Sukemasa Fujiwara no Sukemasa (藤原 佐理) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 944-998. He was the son of Fujiwara no Atsutoshi. He was a caligrapher of great renown and was included[...]

Sanseki

Sanseki

Sanseki The Sanseki (三跡) was a group of three people renowned for their caligraphy during the Heian Period. They were: Fujiwara no Sukemasa Fujiwara no Yukinari Ono no Michikaze1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press.[...]

Ono no Michikaze

Ono no Michikaze

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Caligrapher Family: – Birth: 894AD Death: 966AD Ono no Michikaze Ono no Michikaze (小野 道風) was a caligrapher of renown from the Heian Period who also was known as Yaseki Tōfū and Ono no Tōfū. He lived from 894-966AD. Due to his renown he is seen[...]

Kabane System

Kabane System

Kabane System The Kabane System was a system of division between different clans (uji). It was also known as the Shisei system and developed from the interchange of ideas from Paekche. This system saw to it that the uji would give the imperial monarch needed services as well as acting to[...]

Uji

Uji

Uji See also: Court Titles, Imperial Titles, Provincial Titles, Be, Sesshō and Kampaku The Uji (氏) were kinship groups, also at times known as shisei.2 The origins of the title appear to be of korean linguistical descent and not a native term developed in Japan.3 Before the Nara Period they[...]

Fujiwara no Yoritada

Fujiwara no Yoritada

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Kampaku Family: Fujiwara no Saneyori (father) Birth: 924AD Death: 989AD Fujiwara no Yoritada Fujiwara no Yoritada (藤原 頼忠) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan, living from 924-989AD.1 He was the son of Fujiwara no Saneyori2 and his cousin Fujiwara[...]

Fujiwara no Michitsuna

Fujiwara no Michitsuna

Period: – Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Kaneie (father) Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha (mother) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Michitsuna Fujiwara no Michitsuna (藤原 道綱) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He was the son of Fujiwara no Kaneie and Fujiwara no Michitsuna[...]

Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha

Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Poet, Diarist Family: Fujiwara no Kaneie (husband) Fujiwara no Michitsuna (son) Birth: c.931AD Death: c.995AD Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha (藤原 道綱母) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. She was a poet and diarist[...]

Fujiwara no Senshi

Fujiwara no Senshi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Kaneie (father) Emperor En’yu (husband) Emperor Ichijo (son) Birth: 967AD Death: 1006AD Fujiwara no Senshi Fujiwara no Senshi (藤原 詮子) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. She lived from 967-1006AD and was the daughrer of[...]

Fujiwara no Korechika

Fujiwara no Korechika

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Michitaka (father) Fujiwara no Teishi (sister) Birth: 973/974AD Death: 1010AD Fujiwara no Korechika Fujiwara no Korechika (藤原 伊周) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He lived from 9731/9742 to 1010AD and was son to Fujiwara no[...]

Fujiwara no Teishi

Fujiwara no Teishi

Period: – Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Michitaka (father) Fujiwara no Korechika (brother) Emperor Ichijo (husband) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Teishi Fujiwara no Teishi (藤原 定子) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. She was the daughter of Fujiwara no Michitaka and[...]

Fujiwara no Kaneie

Fujiwara no Kaneie

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Chunagon, Dainagon, Sesshō, Kampaku, Dajo Daijin Family: Fujiwara no Morosuke (father) Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha (wife) Fujiwara no Michitaka (son) Fujiwara no Michikane (son) Fujiwara no Michinaga (son) Fujiwara no Michitsuna (son) Fujiwara no Senshi (daughter) Fujiwara no Koretada (brother) Fujiwara no Kanemichi (brother) Fujiwara no[...]

Kintōshū

Kintōshū

Kintōshū The Kintōshū is a personal collection of poetry compiled by Fujiwara no Kintō containing 385 poems. The personal collection is also useful to us as it alludes to the Utsubo Monogatari which has allowed scholoars to date that work to the 10th Century.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by[...]

Utsubo Monogatari

Utsubo Monogatari

Utsubo Monogatari The Utsubo Monogatari (うつほ 物語 – Tale of the Hollow Tree) is a piece of Japanese literature thought to have been authored by Minamoto no Shitagō, although we are unsure if this is true. Composition Composed in 14 chapters, it is said to be a rather realistic tale,[...]

Fujiwara no Kanemichi

Fujiwara no Kanemichi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Sesshō, Kampaku, Dajo Daijin Family: Fujiwara no Morosuke (father) Fujiwara no Yoshitaka (son) Fujiwara no Koretada (brother) Fujiwara no Kaneie (brother) Fujiwara no Kinsue (brother) Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (brother) Birth: 925AD Death: 977AD Fujiwara no Kanemichi Fujiwara no Kanemichi (藤原 兼通) was a member of the Fujiwara[...]

Fujiwara no Tamemitsu

Fujiwara no Tamemitsu

Period: – Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Morosuke (father) Fujiwara no Koretada (brother) Fujiwara no Kanemichi (brother) Fujiwara no Kaneie (brother) Fujiwara no Kinsue (brother) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Tamemitsu Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (藤原 為光) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan.[...]

Fujiwara no Morosuke

Fujiwara no Morosuke

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Udajin Family: Fujiwara no Tadahira (father) Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (son) Fujiwara no Koretada (son) Fujiwara no Kanemichi (son) Fujiwara no Kaneie (son) Fujiwara no Kinsue (son) Fujiwara no Takamitsu (son) Fujiwara no Saneyori (brother) Fujiwara no Morotada (brother) Birth: 908AD Death: 960AD Fujiwara no Morosuke Fujiwara no Morosuke[...]

Fujiwara no Saneyori

Fujiwara no Saneyori

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Kampaku, Sesshō Family: Fujiwara no Tadahira (father) Fujiwara no Yoritada (son) Fujiwara no Morotada (brother) Fujiwara no Morosuke (brother) Birth: 900AD Death: 970AD Fujiwara no Saneyori Fujiwara no Saneyori (藤原 実頼) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He was the[...]

Fujiwara no Morotada

Fujiwara no Morotada

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Tadahira (father) Fujiwara no Saneyori (brother) Fujiwara no Morosuke (brother) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Morotada Fujiwara no Morotada (藤原 師尹) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. He was the son of Fujiwara no[...]

Wani (Creature)

Wani (Creature)

This page refers to the creature known as the Wani, for the person see: Wan’i Wani The Wani is a supernatural creature mentioned a few times in Japanese texts. One reference can be found in the Nihongi where it says the kami Kotoshironushi turned into a Wani before coming together[...]

Fujiwara no Onshi II

Fujiwara no Onshi II

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Emperor Daigo (husband) Emperor Suzaku (son) Emperor Murakami (son) Fujiwara no Mototsune (father) Fujiwara no Tokihira (brother) Fujiwara no Tadahira (brother) Fujiwara no Nakahira (brother) Fujiwara no Onshi I (sister) Birth: 885AD Death: 954AD Fujiwara no Onshi II Fujiwara no Onshi II (藤原 穏子) was[...]

Fujiwara no Onshi I

Fujiwara no Onshi I

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Emperor Uda (husband) Fujiwara no Mototsune (father) Fujiwara no Tokihira (brother) Fujiwara no Tadahira (brother) Fujiwara no Nakahira (brother) Fujiwara no Onshi II (sister) Birth: 872AD Death: 907AD Fujiwara no Onshi I Fujiwara no Onshi I (藤原 温子) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan,[...]