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Fujiwara no Kenshi (Norimichi)

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Norimichi)

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Norimichi (father) Emperor Go-Reizei (husband) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Kenshi Fujiwara no Kenshi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan, and daughter to Fujiwara no Norimichi. She would marry Emperor Go-Reizei.1 Footnotes 1.[...]

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Morozane)

Fujiwara no Kenshi (Morozane)

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Morozane (father) Fujiwara no Moromichi (brother) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Kenshi Fujiwara no Kenshi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan. She was the daughter of Fujiwara no Morozane and would go on to[...]

Abe no Manao

Abe no Manao

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Physician Family: – Birth: – Death: – Abe no Manao Abe no Manao was a member of the Abe Clan. He was a physician, who alongside Izumo Hirosada, compiled the first medical treatise in japan called the daidō ruijūhō (c.808-811).1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by[...]

Abe no Kurahashimaro

Abe no Kurahashimaro

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: sadaijin Family: – Birth: – Death:- Abe no Kurahashimaro Abe no Kurahashimaro was a member of the Abe Clan known to have been posted as sadaijin in 645. It is probable that he was one of the promoters of the Taika Reforms.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic,[...]

Okitsuyoso

Okitsuyoso

Period: Legendery Period Occupation: – Family: Amenooshio (father?) Yosotarashi Hime (sister) Birth: – Death: – Okitsuyoso Okitsuyoso is mentioned in the Kojiki as the older brother of Yosotarashi Hime. He is said to be the ancestor of the Wohari no Muraji.1 His father is presumably Amenooshio as he is listed[...]

Tokotsuhikoirone

Tokotsuhikoirone

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Emperor Itoku (brother) Shikitsuhiko (brother) Birth: – Death: – Tokotsuhikoirone Tokotsuhikoirone was a son of Emperor Annei and Nunasoko Nakatsuhime. This is related in the Kojiki as well as an alternative version of the Nihongi.12 The main narrative[...]

Ikishimimi

Ikishimimi

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Annei (father) Nunasoko Nakatsuhime (mother) Amatoyotsuhime (daughter) Birth: – Death: – Ikishimimi Ikishimimi is a possible son of Emperor Annei. He is not mentioned in the Kojiki. However, he is mentioned as a son on Annei in the main text of the Nihongi,[...]

Yumi Be no Wakahiko

Yumi Be no Wakahiko

Yumi Be no Wakahiko Yumi Be no Wakahiko was a person mentioned during the reign of Emperor Suizei. It is said in the Nihongi that they made a bow for the Emperor as he wished to kill his brother Tagishimimi.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles of[...]

Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara

Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara

Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara Yamato no Kanuchi Amatsumara was a person mentioned during the reign of Emperor Suizei. It is said in the Nihongi that they made a true-deer arrow-point for the Emperor as he wished to kill his brother Tagishimimi.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles[...]

Kabane System

Kabane System

Kabane System The Kabane System was a system of division between different clans (uji). It was also known as the Shisei system and developed from the interchange of ideas from Paekche. This system saw to it that the uji would give the imperial monarch needed services as well as acting to[...]

Kintōshū

Kintōshū

Kintōshū The Kintōshū is a personal collection of poetry compiled by Fujiwara no Kintō containing 385 poems. The personal collection is also useful to us as it alludes to the Utsubo Monogatari which has allowed scholoars to date that work to the 10th Century.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by[...]

Fujiwara no Mitsunaga

Fujiwara no Mitsunaga

Period: Kamakura Period Occupation: Painter Family: Birth: Death: 1187 Fujiwara no Mitsunaga Fujiwara no Mitsunaga, also known as Tokiwa Mitsunaga (常盤 光長) was a member of the Fujiwara Clan who died in 1187. He was a painter who was part of the Kasuga School. He is known to have illustrated[...]

Gensuke

Gensuke

Gensuke Gensuke was a victim to the practise of Hitobashira in 1608. This event occured at the Matsue Ohashi Bridge. Attempts were being made to construct a bridge over the Ohashi river here, however, the pillars kept being washed away. A sacrifice was chosen (this being the next soul to[...]

Fujiwara no Masako

Fujiwara no Masako

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Emperors Wife / Nun Family: Fujiwara no Tadamichi (father) Birth: 1121 Death: 1181 Fujiwara no Masako Fujiwara no Masako also known as Fujiwara no Seishi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 1121-1181AD. She was the daughter of Fujiwara no Tadamichi and during her[...]

Fujiwara no Kin’yoshi

Fujiwara no Kin’yoshi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Family: Fujiwara no Masuko (daughter) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Kin’yoshi Fujiwara no Kin’yoshi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. He had a daughter by the name of Fujiwara no Masuko who was later adopted by Fujiwara no Yorinaga.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated[...]

Fujiwara no Kintsugu

Fujiwara no Kintsugu

Period: Heian Period / Kamakura Period Occupation: Udaijin / Sadaijin Family: – Birth: 1175AD Death: 1227AD Fujiwara no Kintsugu Fujiwara no Kintsugu was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 1175-1227AD. In 1211 he was granted the rank of udaijin and by 1221 had been given the rank of[...]

Fujiwara no Kaneko

Fujiwara no Kaneko

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Nagako (sister) Birth: – Death:- Fujiwara no Kaneko Fujiwara no Kaneko was a member of the Fujiwara Clan living from 1050-1133AD. There are some who question if she actually exisited as some believe she is the same person as her sister Fujiwara[...]

Fujiwara no Izuko

Fujiwara no Izuko

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: – Family: Fujiwara no Kintada (father) Birth: – Death:- Fujiwara no Izuko Fujiwara no Izuko was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. A daughter to Fujiwara no Kintada she lived from 1351-1406AD marrying Emperor Go-En’yu. Together they had a child who would become Emperor Go-Komatsu. In[...]

Ama no Hayekiri

Ama no Hayekiri

Ama no Hayekiri / Orochi no Karasabi / Orochi no Aramasa Ama no Hayekiri, Orochi no Karasabi and Orochi no Aramasa are the names of swords used by Susano-o to kill the Dragon Yamata no Orochi. The name changes as within the Nihongi there are several alternative versions of the same[...]

Ōmiwa

Ōmiwa

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Himetatara Isuzuhime (daughter) Kimi of Kamo (descendants) Kimi of Ōmiwa (descendants) Ōmiwa Ōmiwa is a Shinto kami seen mentioned in the Nihongi. He is said to be the ancestor of the Kimi of Kamo and Kimi of Ōmiwa. His daughter was Himetatara Isuzuhime. He is[...]

Tsumatsuhime

Tsumatsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Trees? Family: Susano-o (father) Isotakeru (brother) Oyatsuhime (sister) Tsumatsuhime Tsumatsuhime is a Shinto Spirit mentioned alongside his father in alternative versions of the Nihongi. The tale states Susano-o was jealous of the land of Han and its riches, and so from his body he pucked many[...]

Hinokuma

Hinokuma

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Family: Ishikoridome (Mother) Hinokuma Hinokuma (Cyprus Corner) is a Shinto kami said to have been created by Ishikoridome. The Gleaning of Ancient Words states that when Ishikoridome first fashioned a mirror it was defective and so became the kami Hinokuma. Hinokuma is also the name for[...]

Yamatsuchi

Yamatsuchi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: – Yamatsuchi Yamatsuchi is a Shinto deity seen in an alternative writing of the Nihongi. In this version they are tasked with gathering Sakaki Tree’s as part of the offerings to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Sacred Rock Cave.1 Footnotes 1. Aston.[...]

Hinomahe

Hinomahe

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Ishikoridome (creator) Hinomahe Hinomahe is a Shinto deity mentioned in an alternative writing of the Nihongi. It states that Ishikoridome formed a Sun Spear made out of copper from Mount Kagu to help get Amaterasu out of the cave as well as Heavenly Bellows[...]

Amenoakarudama

Amenoakarudama

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Izanagi (father) Amenoakarudama Amenoakarudama is a Shinto deity mentioned in an alternative writing of the Nihongi where he said to be the child of Izanagi and is instructed with making jewels to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Sacred Rock Cave.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G.[...]

Kogotomusuhi

Kogotomusuhi

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: – Family: Ameno Koyane (daughter) Nakatomi Clan Kogotomusuhi Kogotomusuhi is a Shinto deity seen in the Nihongi. He is stated to have been the father of Ameno Koyane.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to AD697”. Tuttle Publishing.[...]

Fujiwara no Enshi

Fujiwara no Enshi

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Family: Fujiwara no Akimitsu (father) Birth: 944AD Death: 1021AD Fujiwara no Enshi Fujiwara no Enshi was a member of the Fujiwara Clan, more specifically the Hokke Branch of this clan.. She was the daughter of Fujiwara no Akimitsu and married the Prince Atsuakira. It is said[...]

Fujiwara no Atsumoto

Fujiwara no Atsumoto

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Poets Family: Fujiwara no Akihira (father) Fujiwara no Atsumitsu (brother) Birth: – Death: – Fujiwara no Atsumoto Fujiwara no Atsumoto was a member of the Fujiwara Clan. He was the son of Fujiwara no Akihira and brother to Fujiwara no Atsumitsu and was a renowned poet.1[...]

Inson

Inson

Period: Heian Period, Kamakura Period Occupation: Buddhist Sculptor Family: – Birth: 1120 Death: 1198 Inson Inson was a Buddhist sculptor known to have lived during the late Heian Period and early Kamakura Period from 1120AD to 1198. During his lifetime he lived in Heiankyō as was the lead representative of[...]

Ōtomo no Sukunamaro

Ōtomo no Sukunamaro

Period: Nara Period Occupation: – Family: Sakanoue no Iratsume (half-sister/wife) Birth: – Death: – Ōtomo no Sukunamaro Ōtomo no Sukunamaro lived during the Nara Period. Though he was the older half brother of Sakanoue no Iratsume, they married one another and had two daughters together.1 Footnotes 1. Kodansha. (1993) ”Japan: An[...]

Itazuke Remains

Itazuke Remains

Itazuke Remains The Itazuke Remains is a prehistoric site dating to the late Jomon Period, located in Shizuoka Prefecture. The site contains many Jomon artifacts as well as preserved footprints of both adults and children dating to about 400BC.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”.[...]

Koro Chawa

Koro Chawa

Koro Chawa Koro Chawa also know as Tea-Talk of Old is a piece of literature where was can find mention of Kashin Koji where in 1612 he is said to have met with Tokugawa Ieyasu who asks him his age, to which he replies he is 88. This is useful[...]

Fujiwara no Norikane

Fujiwara no Norikane

Period: Heian Period Occupation: Poet Family: Birth: – Death: 1165. Fujiwara Norikane Fujiwara Norikane was both a minister and poet from the Heian Period. He died in 1165.1 He compiled and wrote Thirty Six Women Poetic Geniuses inside a compilation known as the Poetry Tournament of Thirty-Six Women Poetic Geniuses (Nyōbō[...]

Aoyama Tessan

Aoyama Tessan

Aoyama Tessan Aoyama Tessan was a man who has connections to the story of Banchō Sarayashiki, his role is slightly different depending on the version of the folktale. In the Harima Province version, he is a Samurai who serves the lord of the Province. Aoyama wants to be ruler instead[...]

Danshiro

Danshiro

Danshiro Danshiro was a man who has connections to the story of Banchō Sarayashiki. In the tale he is tasked with finding the person who attempted to poison the Lord of Harima Province. He finds out it is a woman called Okiku but says he will keep it a secret[...]

Moriya Sen’an

Moriya Sen’an

See also: Moriya Sen’an Poems Moriya Sen’an Moriya Sen’an was a Japanese poet, known to have written specifically jisei (death poems). We know that he died in 1838 (Edo Period), but sadly not much more is known. His death poems often included a humorous note to them and the one[...]

Hinohayahi

Hinohayahi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Susano-o (father?) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi Hinohayahi is a Shinto deity mentioned in one alternative version of the Nihongi where he is born from Susano-o placing one of the jewels from his hair onto his left foot.1 Footnotes 1. Aston.[...]

Tōtaro

Tōtaro

Tōtaro Tōtaro is the name of the main character from the tales known as The Gratitude of the Samebito. This man gives shelter to the creature known as the Samebito. After a few months he sees a girl during a festival at Miidera and falls in love with her. However,[...]

The Elixir of Life

The Elixir of Life

See also: List of Folktales The Elixir of Life The Elixir of Life is a Japanese Folktale centered around an Emperor of China, who heard that Mount Fuji came into being in one night. From this he instantly believed that Mount Fuji must contain the Elixir of Life. And so[...]

Princess Glory

Princess Glory

See also: List of Folktales Princess Glory Princess Glory is a japanese folktale which can be found in the Shintōshū, this document coming form the 14th Century giving tales of various gods. The story is set during the reign of Emperor Yuryaku, the 21st Emperor from the Kofun Period and[...]

Tokoyo

Tokoyo

Tokoyo Tokoyo (Everworld) is a mythological land mentioned in the Kojiki. The area is said to have cockerals which were gathered by Omoikane as one of the various ways to try and coax Amaterasu out of the Heavenly Rock Cave after she hides inside of it. This mythical paradise is[...]

Imperial Titles

Imperial Titles

Imperial Titles See also: Court Titles, Provincial Titles, Be, Uji, Sesshō and Kampaku This pages serves to list the various Imperial Titles used in the past and up to this day. No doubt this page will continue to be updated as we continue our research. Emperor Dajō-Hōō – (Priestly-Retired Emperor)[...]

Miruna no Zashiki

Miruna no Zashiki

See also: List of Folktales Miruna no Zashiki Miruna no Zashiki (The Forbidden Room) also known by the name of Uguisu no Ichimon (The Nightingale’s Coin) is a folktale from Japan. The story goes that there was once a man who needed shelter for the night. Finding an isolated house[...]

Shiki and Kyaku

Shiki and Kyaku

Shiki and Kyaku Shiki and Kyaku (Admnistrative/Ceremonial Procedures and Penal Codes) are two different types of legal documents made to implement the laws of the late 7th and early 8th centuries. The first Shiki and Kyaku were completed in the Kōnin Era, the second in the Jōgan Era. The Engi[...]

Kumanokusubi

Kumanokusubi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Kumanokusubi Kumanokusubi (Wonder Worker of Bear Moors) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the fifth and final born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This[...]

Ikutsuhikone

Ikutsuhikone

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Ikutsuhikone Ikutsuhikone (Lively Little Lad) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the fourth born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This is related in[...]

Amatsuhikone

Amatsuhikone

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amenohohi (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Amatsuhikone Amatsuhikone (Little lad of Heaven) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the third born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This is related[...]

Amenohohi

Amenohohi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenooshihomimi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Amenohohi Amenohohi (Majestic Rice Ears of Heaven) is a son of Amaterasu, he was the second born from the Jewels in Amaterasu’s hair after being chewed and spat out by Susano-o. This[...]

Amenooshihomimi

Amenooshihomimi

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: – Family: Amaterasu (mother) Amenohohi (brother) Amatsuhikone (brother) Ikutsuhikone (brother) Kumanokusubi (brother) Hinohayahi (brother) Amenooshihomimi Amenooshihomimi (Ruling Rice Ears of Heaven) also known as Masa-katsu-a-katsu-kachi-haya-hi-ame-no-oshi-ho-mimi (Truly Winning Have I Won with Rushing Might Ruling Grand Rice Ears of Heaven) is a son of Amaterasu, he was[...]

Takitsuhime

Takitsuhime

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: Munakata. Family: Susano-o (father) Takiribime (sister) Ichikishimahime (sister) Takisuhime Takisuhime (Lady Seething Torrent) is a Shinto Deity and one of the Spirits of Munakata. She is the third of three sisters born from the sword of Susano-o after being chewed up and spat out by Amaterasu according[...]

Ichikishimahime

Ichikishimahime

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Munakata. Family: Susano-o (father) Takiribime (sister) Takitsuhime (sister) Ichikishimahime Ichikishimahime (Lady Consecrated Isle) also known as Sayoribime (Lady Summons Spirit) is a Shinto kami and one of the kami of Munakata. She is the second of three sisters born from the sword of Susano-o after being[...]

Takiribime

Takiribime

Affiliation: Shinto Kami of: Munakata. Family: Susano-o (father) Ichikishimahime (sister) Takitsuhime (sister) Takiribime Takiribime (Lady Mist), also known as Okitsushimahime (Lady Offshore Isle) is a Shinto kami and one of the kami of Munakata. She is the first of three sisters born from the sword of Susano-o after being chewed[...]

Amenohatorihime

Amenohatorihime

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: Weaving? Family: – Amenohatorihime Amenohatorihime (Weaver Woman of Heaven) is a deity from Shinto Mythology. In the Kojiki it is said she was weaving in the weaving hall of Heaven with Amaterasu when Susano-o threw a pie-bald colt which had been flayed backwards from its tail[...]

Mikuratana

Mikuratana

Affiliation: Shinto Diety of: Rice? Family: Izanagi (original owner) Amaterasu (wearer) Mikuratana Mikuratana (Mighty Storehouse Shelf) is a Spirit from Shinto mythology. She is a divine necklace, given by Izanagi to his daughter Amaterasu before she ascends to rule Heaven, this is related in the Kojiki. Within the Nihongi she[...]

Amekumabito

Amekumabito

Amekumabito Amekumabito is a Shinto Spirit mentioned in the Nihongi. She is tasked with going to the body of Ukemochi, by Amaterasu, after Tsukiyomi has killed her. Upon the body of Ukemochi she finds and brings back from her body ox, horse, millet, silkworm, panic, rice, wheat, large beans and smalls[...]

Road Wardens of Yomi

Road Wardens of Yomi

Road Wardens of Yomi The Road Wardens of Yomi are a collection of beings mentioned in one alternative version of the Nihongi are a residents of Yomi. In this version they appear at the Even Pass of Yomi after Izanagi has fled from his wife after seeing her rotting body. They[...]

Yomotsukotosakanoo

Yomotsukotosakanoo

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Izanagi (father) Yomotsukotosakanoo Yomotsukotosakanoo is a Shinto deity mentioned within an alternative text of the Nihongi. It states that this Spirit came into being after Izanagi and Izanami departed and divorced each other in Yomi. Izanagi ‘purifies himself’ which produces the Spirit Yomotsukotosakanoo, this is[...]

Hayatamanoo

Hayatamanoo

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Izanagi (father?)   Hayatamanoo Hayatamanoo is a Shinto deity mentioned within an alternative text of the Nihongi. It states that this Spirit came into being after Izanagi and Izanami departed and divorced each other in Yomi. Izanagi then spits on the ground which produces this Spirit[...]

Iwatsutsunome

Iwatsutsunome

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Kagutsuchi (father) Iwatsutsunoo (brother) Iwatsutsunome Iwatsutsunome (Stone Mallet Woman?) is a Shinto Spirit, said to have come into existence from the blood of Kagutsuchi after he was beheaded by the sword Itsunoohabari. This is only mentioned in one ‘alternative’ version of the Nihongi where she[...]

Imbe no Obito

Imbe no Obito

Imbe no Obito Imbe no Obito was a part of the Imbe Clan, and is known to have overseen a group of artisans (Be) responsible for the maintenance and keeping of objects relating to Shinto worship.1 Footnotes 1. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press.[...]

Tachibana River

Tachibana River

Tachibana River The Tachibana River, though its modern day location is unknown, is said to have historically been located in the area known as ‘Awaki‘ in Himuka Province. Due to this it would have been located in modern day Miyazaki Prefecture. This is the river mentioned in both the Kojiki[...]

Wamiōsho

Wamiōsho

Wamiōsho The Wamiōsho is an old Japanese text. Within its pages it gives the Eight Ugly Females of Yomi the name ‘Gogome’, saying that their names were invoked as a kind of ‘bogey men’ to scare children.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles of Japan from the[...]

Ifuya Pass

Ifuya Pass

Co-ordinates: – Region: Chūgoku Region Prefecture: Shimane Prefecture (now), Izumo Province (historically) Ifuya Pass The Ifuya Pass (Ifuya zaka), according to the Kojiki, is located in Izumo Province. This mountain pass was said to contain the location to the entrance to Yomi known as Hirasaka and is mentioned in the[...]

Hibayama

Hibayama

Co-ordinates: – Region: Chūgoku Region Prefecture: Border of Izumo and Hahaki Province Height: – Hibayama Hibayama (Mount Spirit Court) is stated in the Kojiki to be the location of the burial mound of Izanami. Sadly, its exact location is unknown, however, it is stated to be on the border between[...]

Hyōbu-taifu

Hyōbu-taifu

Period: Heian Period Occupation: – Family: – Birth: – Death: – Hyōbu-taifu Hyōbu-taifu was a man who holds links to the Yōkai known as the Hyōsube. During his lifetime he is said to have dealt with these Yōkai after they became a threat to the people living near Shiomi Jinja temple[...]

Asuka no Kyomihara Ritsuryō

Asuka no Kyomihara Ritsuryō

Asuka no Kyomihara Ritsuryō The Asuka no Kyomihara Ritsuryō are a collection of Law Codes created through an edict by Emperor Tenmu in 681AD. They were eventually finished under the rule of Empress Jitō.1 Footnotes 1. Tsurumi, P. (1981) “Early Female Emperors” Historical Reflections Vol.8 No.1 pp.41-49.[...]

Toyoukebime

Toyoukebime

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: Wakamusubi (father) Toyoukebime Toyoukebime (Lady Bountiful Fare), sometimes called Toyouke, is said to be the daughter of Wakamusubi.12 She is worshiped in Ise.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt. (2014) “Kojiki. An Account of Ancient Matters”. New York: Columbia University Press. 2. Aston.[...]

Mangyō-ji

Mangyō-ji

Region: Kanto Prefecture: Saitama Prefecture Mangyō-ji Mangyō-ji is a Buddhist temple within Saitama Prefecture. It has links to the story called The Bell of Nodera in which the fabled bell of Nodera Temple which was hidden by the monk during times of war was rediscovered by farmers. The bell was brought[...]

Nodera Temple

Nodera Temple

Nodera Temple Nodera Temple is a lost Japanese temple, which once housed a large bell within its complex. Both are known to have existed as a 9th Century poem attributed to Ariwara no Narihara mentions them. Legend states that in a time of war the monk of the temple took[...]

The Bell of Nodera

The Bell of Nodera

The Bell of Nodera The Bell of Nodera is a story which was used by Toriyama Sekien as inspiration for the Yōkai known as the Noderabō. The story relates how farmers digging out the roots of potato vines finds them entwined around a temple bell. They take the bell to[...]

Tenasobi

Tenasobi

Tenasobi The Tenasobi, also known as a Marten is a type of Yōkai depicted in the Gazu Hyakki Yagyō. In Toriyama Sekien’s depiction of the creature, he provides the reading of ‘Marten’ though it is written with the Kanji Character for Itachi. The creature is known to have been a[...]

The Shinansha Artefact

The Shinansha Artefact

The Shinansha Artefact The Shinansha Artefact is a kind of compass created by Emperor Kotei in the Folktale The Shinansha. However, instead of pointing North, it points South. It takes the form of a carriage with the figure of a man inside always facing south. No matter which way you[...]

Shiyu

Shiyu

Period: Legendary Period Occupation: Magician. Bandit. Shiyu Shiyu is noted to have been a rebel in the Folktale The Shinansha. He is said to have had been a wicked magician with a head made of iron, and that no man could ever defeat him. In the tale, he wishes to[...]

Takuroku

Takuroku

Takuroku Takuroku is a fabled location from the Folktale known as The Shinansha. Upon this plain, the Emperor Kotei and his army attack the forces of Shiyu, a rebel wishing to claim the throne. He was also a sorcerer and so when the battle began he summoned forth fog onto[...]

The Shinansha

The Shinansha

See also: List of Folktales See also: The Shinansha (Artefact) The Shinansha The Shinansha, also known as The South Pointing Carriage is a Japanese Folktale relating to China. Synopsis One day the mother of Emperor Kotei was out walking, looking at the North Star vivid flashes of lightning came from[...]

Kana Nihongi

Kana Nihongi

Kana Nihongi The Kana Nihongi is a Japanese text said to have existed before the creation of the Nihongi, due to this is may have been used in the composition of the Nihongi.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896) “Nihongi Volume 1: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to AD697”.[...]

Emperor Kudara

Emperor Kudara

Period: Asuka Period Occupation: Emperor Emperor Kudara Emperor Kudara is the name ascribed to an Emperor who gifted the image of the Buddha as well as Buddhist scriptures to the Emperor Kinmei which would eventually lead to the adoption of the religion in Japan.1 Footnotes 1. Martin, P. (1997) ”The[...]

Maki Tōei

Maki Tōei

Born: 1721 Died: 1783 Period: Edo Period Occupation: Poet, Artist, Author. Maki Tōei Maki Tōei (1721-1783) is known to have been a poet during the Edo Period. During his life he wrote under the pen name Rōsan (Old Silkworm) and Shiyō-kan (Hall of Violet Light), amongst others. He wrote the[...]

Oshinumi-no-iitoyo-no-ao

Oshinumi-no-iitoyo-no-ao

Period: Kofun Period Occupation: Regent Family: Emperor Richu (grandfather) Emperor Kenzo (brother) Emperor Ninken (brother) Oshinumi-no-iitoyo-no-ao Oshinumi-no-iitoyo-no-ao is known to have been a granddaughter of the Emperor Richu. After the death of the previous Emperor Seinei, there was a succession crisis due to the lack of heirs. Two grandsons of[...]

Prince Mayowa

Prince Mayowa

Period: Kofun Period Occupation: Prince Family: Emperor Anko (uncle) Emperor Seinei (uncle) Prince Mayowa Prince Mayowa was the nephew of Emperor Anko. He killed his uncle during one of his drunken stupors when he decapitated him.1 Footnotes 1. Martin, P. (1997) ”The Chrysanthemum Throne”. Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Limited.[...]

Tamanooya

Tamanooya

Affiliation: Shinto Deity of: Family: – Tamanooya Tamanooya (Jewel Ancestor1) is a Shinto Spirit. She is mentioned in the Kojiki during the time when Amaterasu hides in the Sacred Rock Cave. She is tasked with making a string of jewels (magatama) to aide in convincing the Sun Goddess to leave[...]

Himejima (Kyushu)

Himejima (Kyushu)

See also: Himejima (disambiguous) Himejima Himejima is an island off the coast of Kyushu and may be the island referred to in the Kojiki as the fourth of six islands made after the Great Land of Eightfold Isles inhabited by the Spirit Amehitotsune.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav[...]

Himejima (Naniwa)

Himejima (Naniwa)

See also: Himejima (disambiguous) Himejima Himejima is an island off the coast from the ancient port of Naniwa and may be the island referred to in the Kojiki as the fourth of six islands made after the Great Land of Eightfold Isles inhabited by the Spirit Amehitotsune. The island was[...]

Himejima

Himejima

Himejima Himejima (Lady Isle) may refer to one of two islands. Both are possibilities for the island mentioned in the Kojiki as the fourth of six islands created by Izanami and Izanagi after making the Great Land of Eightfold Isles. This island said to be inhabited by the Spirit Amehitotsune.[...]

Seta

Seta

Creature type: Centipede Home: Mount Mikami Seta Seta is a creature, more specifically a Giant Centipede, known from the Folktale My Lord Bag of Rice living on Mount Mikami, described as having eyes that glowed like two balls of fire, its body so big its body wrapped around the mountain[...]

Seta no Karashi Bridge

Seta no Karashi Bridge

Co-ordinates: Region: Kansai Region Prefecture: Shiga Prefecture Seta no Karashi Bridge Seta no Karashi Bridge is a bridge over Lake Biwa. It is featured in the Japanese Folktale My Lord Bag of Rice where Fujiwara Hidesato walks over the body of a dragon lying asleep across it who later reveals[...]

Miyazu Hime

Miyazu Hime

Period: Legendery Period Occupation: Princess Family: Yamato Takeru (husband) Miyazu Hime Miyazu Hime was a Princess living in the land of Owari. Yamato Takeru visits her before going to subdue the Emishi promising to marry her upon his return. When he returns, they do marry. Yamato then leaving for one[...]

Yashiro Island

Yashiro Island

Coordinates: 33°55′N 132°14′E Region: Chugoku Region Prefecture: Yamaguchi Prefecture Yashiro Island Yashiro Island is an island often attributed to being Ōshima island in the Kojiki and Ohoshima in the Nihongi. Ōshima (大島 – Great Isle) was, according to the Kojiki, the third island born after the Great Land of Eightfold[...]

Koshi

Koshi

Koshi Koshi is mentioned in the Nihongi as the fifth of the Great Land of Eightfold Isles to have been created by Izanami and Izanagi. This place, however, is not an island, but an amalgamation of the old Echigo, Echizen and Etchū Provinces of Japan.1 Footnotes 1. Aston. W.G. (1896)[...]

Takeuchi

Takeuchi

Period: Legendery Period Occupation: Chief Minister Takeuchi Takeuchi was the Chief Minister of Emperor Seimu, said to have served in total 5 Emperors over the course of 300 years. It is likely he was several men all with the same name, holding the same occupation.1 Footnotes 1. Martin, P. (1997)[...]

Ōnakatomi Sadayo

Ōnakatomi Sadayo

Period: Kamakura Period Occupation: Ōnakatomi Sadayo Ōnakatomi Sadayo was a member of the Aristocracy who in 1266 wrote a copy of the Kojiki which was used later by the Monk Ken’yuu in 1371.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt. (2014) “Kojiki. An Account of Ancient Matters”. New York:[...]

Shin’yu

Shin’yu

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: Buddhist Monk Shin’yu Shin’yu was a Buddhist Monk who acted as editor for Ken’yuu when he created a new copy of the Kojiki during the Muromachi Period.1 Footnotes 1. Yasumaro. O, translated by Gustav Heldt. (2014) “Kojiki. An Account of Ancient Matters”. New York: Columbia University[...]

Ken’yuu

Ken’yuu

Period: Muromachi Period Occupation: Buddhist Monk, Author. Ken’yuu Ken’yuu was a Buddhism who copied early records of the Kojiki. He began copying the 2nd and 3rd book in 1371 from a manuscript written by court aristocrat Ōnakatomi Sadayo in 1266, belonging to Ise-born textual lineage. One year later he uses[...]

Takahashi

Takahashi

Region: ? Prefecture: ? Takahashi Takahashi is known to have been the home of a man named Ikuhi. During his life he went on to be the Brewer to the Great Diet of Grain Crops.1 Where this place was located is unknown as the modern day city of Takahashi was[...]

Raigō

Raigō

Birth: – Death: – Period: Heian Period Occupation: Buddhist Monk Raigō Raigō was a Buddhist monk who lived during the reign of Emperor Shirakawa, residing at Mii-dera. During his lifetime he was tasked by Shirakawa to pray for the safe birth of his son, with the promise of his temple[...]

Sarume Clan

Sarume Clan

First Ruler: – Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – For a full list of Clans: See Clans. Sarume Clan The Sarume Clan were one of the many various clans of Japan. This clan claimed descent from the Shinto Deity Ameno Uzume.1 Footnotes 1. Martin, P. (1997) ”The Chrysanthemum Throne”. Gloucestershire: Sutton[...]

Urabe Clan

Urabe Clan

First Ruler: – Final Ruler: – Dissolution: – For a full list of Clans: See Clans. Urabe Clan The Urabe Clan is one of the Clans of Japan. During the reign of Emperor Kōtoku in the 7th Century, this clan alongside the Imbe Clan and Nakatomi Clan were tasked with[...]