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Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県 – Nagasaki-ken) is located on the island of Kyushu. It is bordered by the Genkai Sea and Tsushima Strait on its northern edge, by Saga Prefecture and the Ariake Sea on its east, the Amakusa Sea on the south and the East China Sea on the west. It’s capital city is called Nagasaki.
After the Taika Reforms in AD645, and the establishment of the ritsuryō system, this area was split into several different provinces. The island of Iki and Tsushima became island Provinces, and the prefectures peninsula area became Hizen Province. Nagasaki Prefecture’s present boundaries were established in 1833 after the Meiji Restoration.
This area was long known for its connections to the outside world and it is this prefecture where Christian Missionaries first began to visit Japan after the arrival of St. Francis Xavier in 1550 in Hirado. Eventually this led to the Shimbara Uprising in the Shimbara Peninsula in 1637 which followed from Christian oppression by the Tokugawa Shogunate.1
Islands in this Prefecture
1. Kodansha. (1993) ”Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia”. Tokyo: Kodansha Ltd.
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