Mukai Kyorai (向井 去来), real name Mukai Kanetoki2, lived from 1651 to 1704, born to a physician from Nagasaki.1 As he grew up he excelled in martial arts, but by the age of 23 he decided to give this up to persue poetry,2 this led him to meet Bashō at Ise in 1686.3
As a disciple of Bashō we see him involved in the composition of different kasen (thirty-six verse sequences) with Bashō and others. One entitles Ichinaka wa (Out in the Streets) included 12 poems by him.1 He has become known as one of the ten main disciples (Bashō Juttetsu) of Bashō.3
In 17043 he writes the Kyoraisho, one of the main resources on Bashō’s ideas and ideals1, it also includes discussions on the concepts of fueki ryūkō (permanance and change) sabi (loneliness) and shiori (indefinable quality of pathos).2
1. Carter, S.D. (1991) ”Traditional Japanese Poetry: An Anthology”. California: Stanford University Press.
2. Kodansha. (1993) ”Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia”. Tokyo: Kodansha Ltd.
3. Louis Frederic, translated by Kathe Roth (2002) “Japan Encyclopedia”. London: Harvard University Press.
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