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The monk as the Sogenbi depicted in the Gazu Hyakki Yagyō.


Sōgen (叢原) is known to have once been a Buddhist Monk, residing within Mibudera Temple, outside of Kyoto.

He is noted to have stolen money offerings and lamp oil left at the temple by worshippers. After finally dying it is said he was punished in hell for his deeds. His soul returning later as a mysterious blue fireball near the temple known as the Yōkai, Sōgen-bi.1


1. Yoda, H. and Alt, M. (2016) “Japandemonium: Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopaedia of Toriyama Sekien.”. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.

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